PSY309-2013SP-12-GenderRoleDifference

A ammini ac february 2008 gender identity of children

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Unformatted text preview: ion/play • Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) – Can occur in both sexes, if Complete AIS, a 46XY will develop as a girl (infertile) • 5-alpha reductase deficiency (5-ARD) – Individuals with 5-ARD can have normal male external genitalia, ambiguous, or normal female genitalia; are born with inner male gonads, including testicles & Wolffian structures, but appear to have female primary sex characteristics; often raised as girls, they usually end up with male gender identity • Praveen, EP; Praveen EP, Desai AK, Khurana ML, Philip J, Eunice M, Khadgawat R, Kulshreshtha B, Kucheria K, Gupta DK, Seith A, Ammini AC. (February 2008). "Gender identity of children and young adults with 5alpha-reductase deficiency.". J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 21 (2): 173–9. PMID 18422030 • Klinefelter syndrome (47XXY) – 1 out of every 1,000 males; effects include development of small testicles and reduced fertility; variety of other physical and behavioral differences and problems • Micropenis (David Reimer case) – Unusually small penis, used to raise boy as girl after a surgery, now use hormones • Swyer syndrome – Girls who have XY, but Y dysfunctional (no masculinization), fail to start puberty • Turner syndrome (missing an X) – 1 out of every 2,500 girls, characteristic physical abnormalities, such as short stature, broad chest, low hairline and ears, webbed necks; cognitive problems • Mosaicism (different cells have different genes) Many Intersexed Conditions Exist • Key Concept: Use terms "typical," "usual," or "most frequent" where it is more common to use the term "normal" • When possible avoid expressions like maldeveloped or undeveloped, errors of development, defective genitals, abnormal, or mistakes of nature • Emphasize that all of intersex conditions are biologically understandable while they are statistically uncommon Should puberty delaying drugs be given to children with GID? Diamond’s Biased Interaction Model of Psychosexual Development • A person is born with a certain background based upon evolutionary heritage, family genetics, and uterine environment • These organizing factors influence or bias subsequent responses of the individual; they predispose the person to manifest behaviors and attitudes that have come to be recognized as predominantly masculine or feminine • Our gender is determined by (and in ambiguous cases should be determined by)…PRIMO PRIMO • P = gender Patterns: How an individual behaves in comparison to others in the society and culture; is it in keeping with or at variance with those behaviors considered socially appropriately masculine, feminine, or other? • R = Reproductive considerations: What are the person’s reproductive capabilities, aspirations, and actualities? Does the individual aspire to live or actually live as a mother or father? • I = Identity: How the person views self in regard to sex and gender. Does the individual recognize self as male or female and does the individual prefer life as a man or a woman? Are sex and gender identity concordant or not? • M = Mechanisms: Abilities to experience and perform typical and expected aspects of sexual behavior; e.g., ejaculate, vaginally lubricate, erotically aroused, orgasm • O = Sexual Orientation: The type of sexual, erotic, or romantic partner to...
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