PSY309-2013SP-12-GenderRoleDifference

Stereotypes schema beliefs etc can cause sex

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Unformatted text preview: efers to what people believe goes along with being a man versus a women in a society at a given time (may not be “true” empirically;7 very socially determined) – Stereotypes, schema, beliefs, etc. (can cause sex differences) – Key Concepts: Masculinity versus Femininity and Gender Diagnosticity Key Science-based Definitions • Sex (or a sex difference) refers to “actual” psychological and physical differences between men and women (caveat of intersex) – Quantifiable, measurable differences consistent with theories and evidence – Usually some “biological” but much “genderedness” varies across cultures • Gender (or gender roles) refers to what people believe goes along with being a man versus a women in a society at a given time (may not be “true” empirically;7 very socially determined) – Stereotypes, schema, beliefs, etc. (can cause sex differences) – Key Concepts: Masculinity versus Femininity and Gender Diagnosticity • Sexual Identity refers to which sex we feel we belong to (e.g., transsexuals; M-to-F “I am a woman trapped in man’s body”) • Gender Identity refers to the gender we feel we belong to (e.g., transgendered; M-to-F “I am female but live/present as masc/man”) Key Science-based Definitions • Sex (or a sex difference) refers to “actual” psychological and physical differences between men and women (caveat of intersex) – Quantifiable, measurable differences consistent with theories and evidence – Usually some “biological” but much “genderedness” varies across cultures • Gender (or gender roles) refers to what people believe goes along with being a man versus a women in a society at a given time (may not be “true” empirically;7 very socially determined) – Stereotypes, schema, beliefs, etc. (can cause sex differences) – Key Concepts: Masculinity versus Femininity and Gender Diagnosticity • Sexual Identity refers to which sex we feel we belong to (e.g., transsexuals; M-to-F “I am a woman trapped in man’s body”) • Gender Identity refers to the gender we feel we belong to (e.g., transgendered; M-to-F “I am female but live/present as masc/man”) • Sex Role Ideology (or GRI) refers to beliefs as to whether men & women should inhabit respective gender roles versus not (i.e., traditional versus progressive SRI); gender ideology as oppression Sexuality Researcher Charlotte “Chuck” Tate • • • • • Biological male (XY) Androgynous gender roles (dominant/nurturing) Considers herself a woman (female sex identity) Presents as masculine (masculine gender identity) Progressive sex-role orientation (pro-equality) Major Components of Gender (Roles) Masculinity 1) Personality 2) Sexuality 3) Recreation 4) Family Roles 5) Work Roles/Interests 6) Physical Appearance Dominant Active Football Lawn care Doctor Tall, .9w/h Femininity Nurturing Passive Knitting Child care Nurse Short, .7w/h “Personality” Gender Roles have + and - Williams and Best (1982) Some Beliefs about Gender Roles are Universal • Williams and Best (1982) studied 30 countries and found high pancultural agreement on the adjectives used to describe typical males and females – Gender roles transcend culture (kernel of truth? patriarchy?) – In all countries, adjectives associated with men were rated as b...
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2013 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 309 taught by Professor Davidp.schmitt during the Spring '13 term at Bradley.

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