China - China Geography Isolationism The main focus during...

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China Geography Isolationism The main focus during Mongol rule was becoming a great military land power, and most people had very little concern for naval developments. After Mongol rule in China, leaders were eager to restore pure Chinese culture, therefore outlawing large trade-ships from leaving the country. Ethnocentrism It has been shown throughout history, that the Chinese have a distinct nationalism and ethnocentrism. They have often shown that they feel that their nation is superior as well as their culture (i.e. Policies of Isolationism). River Valleys Huang River/ Yellow River Origination of the Chinese people began in this river valley. Called the “Yellow River” because it often floods and deposits significant amounts of yellow silt. This is the most dangerous river in the area. Confucianism Confucious lived during the Chou dynasty: a time of social disorder and chaos. He therefore believed that solving these problems would only come about by instating social order and mutual respect for all, explained by the five relationships. No teaching of God or life after death. Code of Conduct The Five Relationships o Husband to wife, parent to child, brother to younger brother, Ruler to Minister/subject and friend to friend. Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE) Golden Age Emperor Han o Established Confucianism as official religion o Established Civil service exams (required for participation in government).
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