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Health Psychology Block 3

Health Psychology Block 3 - Health Psychology Block 3...

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Health Psychology Block 3 Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Viral Infections Viral Infections o A virus is a protein-coated package of genes that invades a healthy body cell, which takes control of the cell’s genetic machinery o A virus inserts itself into a healthy cell and replicates o Measles and influenza are classic examples o A slow virus describes diseases such as MS o A latent virus represents infections such as herpes simplex Genital Herpes o 1 in 4 in the US over age 12 have herpes simplex 2 o HSV-2 is a sexually transmitted infection characterized by painful sores o Causes and Transmissions Most often infects the lips, causing sores commonly known as fever blisters (HSV-1) HSV-2 is the usual cause of genital herpes Transmitted through direct contact HSV-2 is usually transmitted thru oral, anal, or vaginal sex Can be transferred to a fetus if pregnant Most people contract it while partner has an outbreak During an outbreak, the virus usually causes visible sores and it’s during these silent outbreaks it is spread o Symptoms of HSV-1 Small blisters on the lips, inside of mouth, tongue or throat Affected individuals experience flulike symptoms such as muscle ache, headache, fever, and swollen lymph glands Herepes blisters usually crust over and heal within 10-16 days o Symptoms of HSV-2 Early symptoms include itching or burning feeling in the genital or anal area, pain in the legs, buttocks or genitals, vaginal discharge, and a feeling of pressure in the abdomen Most noticeable symptoms are the sores where the virus enters the body most often in the vagina, penis, anus, or mouth Symptoms ususlaly appear within 2-10 days and last 2-3 weeks 50% of individuals infected experience warning signs such as tingling, tenderness, or itching sensations 5 days before outbreak 1 st outbreak is usually the worst Frequency and severity of recurrent episodes vary greatly Psychological stress and negative mood can trigger reoccurrences o Is there a cure for Herpes? Herpes, sticks around for life Treatments available that allow you to manage the disease and have somewhat of a normal sex life Often prescribed antiviral meds to prevent outbreaks and shorten outbreaks o Possible Complications If treated herpes usually does not cause any major problems Untreated herpes may lead to complications, especially in women Can be passed onto the fetus Hepatitis o Hepatitis A is the most common form Sometimes spread through sexual acts but commonly passed by ingestion of contaminated food or water
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o Hepatitis B, C, and D are found in blood and to a lesser extent in saliva, urine, semen, breast milk, vaginal fluids, and sweat glands Spread by direct contact o Newborns can contract from an infected mother o Symptoms Have few or no symptoms and may take 4 weeks to 6 months to emerge May include mild to severe fatigue, headaches, poor appetite, abdominal pain, fever,
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