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Lifespan Physiology Block One

Lifespan Physiology Block One - Lifespan Physiology Block...

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Lifespan Physiology Block One Describe Goals and Benefits of Studying Lifespan Physiology Understand changes in physiology over the lifespan Focus on major systems that impact movement and memory Picture-->Mind is in the body which interacts with family society and culture Why Study Lifespan Physiology? Normal development allows us to: o Diagnose abnormal development that may require intervention o Teaching of skills o More appropriate methods improve health Assessment of Health Status Physical manifestations (muscle strength) Symptoms reported by client (generally feeling good) Level of functioning (ability to perform ADL’s) Functional status of a person is more than just physiological functioning of brain, muscle, and other organs In biomedical models, disease is accounted for by deviations from physiological norms Biopsychosocial models include environmental and personal factors Explain Concepts Used in both the Nagi and the ICF Models of Health Status Nagi Model: o Disease Impairment Functional Limitation Disability Handicap ICF Model: o Health condition Presence or absence of disorder/disease pathology o Body Structures Anatomical parts o Body Functions Physiological and psychological functions o Activities Executions/limitations or tasks or actions o Participation Involvement/restriction in life situations o ICF model focuses on the person and the environment leading to a more overall model of wellness Why Create Models o Establish a common language o Permit comparison of data across countries, healthcare disciplines, and time o Organizes concepts into theories that explain observations and can be tested for predictive value from clinical knowledge to evidence-based practice Assessment of Health o Body structure and function by physical exam of auditory function, vision, swallowing, balance, coordination, muscle tone, and strength o Activities by the FIM instrument o Participation by the Community Integration Questionnaire o Satisfaction with life scale Distinguish Between Chronological and Functional Age Periods of development and chronological age o Infancy: birth to 2 years of age o Childhood: 2 to 10 or 2 to 12 o Adolescence 10 to 18 or 12 to 20
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o Young Adulthood:18-40 o Middle Adulthood:40-65 o Older Adulthood Young-Old:65-74 Middle-Old: 75-84 Old-Old: 85-death Explain How Biophysical Factors Affect the Quality of Goal-Directed Movement during Development and Aging Biophysical markers of functional age: o Muscle mass and strength o Bone density o BP o Glucose tolerance and plasma glucose o Aerobic capacity Motor Development o Quality of movement may be: Clumsy, awkward, disjointed, wasted Graceful, fluid, smooth, efficient, effective Development of goal directed movement o Body Growth Changes in size that occur with age o Maturation of function Functional/Organizational changes that occur with age o
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Lifespan Physiology Block One - Lifespan Physiology Block...

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