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NRSE 4580 M1 A1 DB: CHANGE AND INNOVATION Implementing change in organizations is a challenging task that managers face most of the times. Effective implementation of change can be achieved with the use of a change model (Valiga, 2019). Lewin’s theory change is an example of change that can be used to promote behavioral change in staffs. According to Lewin’s theory, change occurs sequentially. People have to be moved from a stage of unprepared, preparedness, adoption of change, and maintenance of change (Ten Have et al., 2018). These stages are summarized into steps of change according to the theory that include unfreezing, changing, and refreezing. The unfreezing stage focuses on raising awareness about the need for change in an organization. The adopters are made to understand the negative effect of their existing behaviors and the need for change. Changing stage entails the transitioning to a new state of behaviors. Refreezing