Psychology Test 1

Psychology Test 1 - Psychology Test #1 Review 1. Psychology...

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Psychology Test #1 Review 1. Psychology – The scientific study of behavior and mental processes 2. Sigmund Freud – Personality theorist and therapist a. Emphasized the ways emotional responses to childhood experiences and our unconscious thought processes affect our behavior b. Emotional problems are the result of anxiety and unresolved conflicts c. Freudian Slips – Saying something you didn’t want/think of saying, but were supposed to say it. d. Iceberg Theory i. Levels of Consciousness: Conscious vs. Unconscious, Mental process directs daily behaviors e. Symbols in Dreams 3. John B. Watson (1913) a. Championed psychology as the science of behavior and demonstrated conditioned responses on a baby “Little Albert” b. Studied behavior/ no consciousness c. Prediction and control science 4. B.F. Skinner (1904) a. Behaviorist, who rejected introspection and studied how consequences shape behavior b. Relationship among events in environment (stimuli), a person/animal’s reaction (response), and establishing a learned connection (conditioning) 5. William James a. Studied the evolved functions of our thoughts and feelings
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b. Believed in Charles Darwin and felt consciousness serves a function c. Mentor to Mary Whiton Calkins 6. Wilhelm Wundt a. Father of Psychology (1879) First Psychology Lab: Leipzig, Germany b. Used Introspection 7. Stream of Consciousness - Flow of thoughts in the conscious mind, the full range of thoughts one could be aware of. a. William James, was skeptical of using introspection to study the stream of consciousness 8. Introspection – Self-Reflective, Looking inside yourself and analyzing your own thoughts and mind 9. Functionalism – How the mind functions, and how it is related to consciousness. a. William James 10. Structuralism – Understanding the minds structure, and elements of immediate conscious experience a. Wilhelm Wundt b. Edward Tichener 11. Gestalt Psychology – Studied person’s complete and total experience a. Genetics + Environment (Learned) = Behavior b. 1880’s – 1940’s: Koffka and Wertheimer c. Conscious experience > Sum of all parts of experience
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12. Schools of Psychology a. Behaviorism(1878) – Describes and measures only observable behavior i. John B. Watson ii. B.F. Skinner b. Humanistic(1970) – Positive human values, inherit tendency towards personal growth i. Carl Rogers – Person to person approach, empathy (put yourself in their place),
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Reilly during the Spring '08 term at TCNJ.

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Psychology Test 1 - Psychology Test #1 Review 1. Psychology...

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