PHI 2301 Week 3 Assignment 3.docx - Teens kids juveniles no matter how we word it learn from their environment social dynamics which are characteristics

PHI 2301 Week 3 Assignment 3.docx - Teens kids juveniles no...

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Teens, kids, juveniles; no matter how we word it, learn from their environment & social dynamics, which are characteristics of determinism. When I first started my research I felt juvenile violent offenders should go to adult prisons, but with further research my perspective on this topic has changed. Determinism The view that every event, including human actions, is brought about by previous events in accordance with universal causal laws that govern the world. Human freedom is an illusion. (Chaffee, 2011, p 141)” Chaffee (2011) describes both explanations about deterministic views: The environment: “People are shaped by their environment, conditioned by their experiences to be the kind of people they are .” This explanation holds that behaviors are the direct products of the life experiences that people have. If the environment in which someone developed was deprived or abusive, then it follows that the person would act with little regard for the rights or lives of others. On the other hand, if a person was fortunate enough to grow up in a loving & nurturing environment, the good that person does is the result of this upbringing. In either case, people cannot be held responsible for how they behave because they didn’t choose their environment; they were a passive agent molded by forces beyond their control. We should no more condemn the armed robber than we should reward the firefighter because each is merely a product of his or her environment. Social dynamics: “People are social creatures who are greatly influenced by the people around them.” The need to conform to the prevailing norms, to be accepted by peer groups, to please those who are close to them, to obey those in positions of authority—these & other social needs determine people’s behavior & define who they are as individuals. For example, the violent actions of the initially peaceful demonstrators can be understood only
by examining the dynamics of social interaction . Because the group as a whole is to blame, responsibility is removed from the individuals. In the same way, individuals who act illegally (or immorally) within an organization often seek to be exonerated on the grounds that they were merely acting as cogs in the machine, not independent agents. An extreme version of this occurred after World War II at the Nuremberg trials when many people accused of wartime atrocities explained that they were “only following orders.” How do you feel about violent juvenile offenders ending up in adult prisons? I thought I agreed that is where they belong, until I started my research. This is when I realized adult prisons should not be where anyone under 18 ends up. This passage is how I felt in the beginning, but that has changed. (“Violent juveniles should,” 1997, para. 4) stated,

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