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Short Paper 1 HH/HLST 2010 October 27, 2020 Samrah Zaidi 217026683 Dennis Raphael
Zaidi 1 Income, race, and immigrant status all affect COVID-19 cases as they determine aperson’s risk of exposure to the virus and access to medical care. Social determinants, such asthe ones listed above, have a direct correlation with COVID-19 cases, and governments canuse these determinants to find a solution for this pandemic. Income is a huge factor when it comes to COVID-19 cases, for instance low-incomeearners are more likely to be infected than people with a high income. Many low-incomeemployees will not be considered for the Canadian Emergency Response Benefit if they workfrom home or leave their jobs; hence they are under pressure to continue working in jobs thatcompromise their wellbeing. Social determinants contribute to how vulnerable one might beto being infected with COVID-19 (Amin & Bond, 2020), so when low-income earnersexpose themselves to the outside world everyday, they increase their risk of being infected.High income earners also have job security and are able to work from home, therefore theyare not as exposed to the virus. Studies show that only 6% of those with an income of$150,000 or more are infected with the virus, whereas those making $0-$29,999 are infectedat a much higher rate of 27% (City of Toronto, 2020). Additionally, full-time workers getbenefits that part-time or contract workers do not receive which also impacts their ability torecover from the COVID-19 virus. Race is another key factor that contributes to theCOVID-19 cases as it reduces the access to employment, housing and education. A lack ofemployment can lead to under-lying health issues like heart disease that increase the chancesofaCOVID-19infection.Fewracializedpopulationshavebeenshowntobeover-represented in places with higher cases of COVID-19, including Black, South Asian,South East Asian, and Latin American (Toronto Public Health, 2020). The reason cases areso much higher among these racialized groups is because they are not given the sameemployment opportunities, or access to healthcare as other Canadians. The racializedcommunity makes up 83% of the cases in Toronto (Amin & Bond, 2020), which goes toshow the lack of concern for these minorities. The immigrant status relates to the COVID-19cases through a variety of factors like living conditions, income, and access to medical care.