2010 Term Paper.pdf - Term Paper HH/HLST 2010 Samrah Zaidi...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 14 pages.

Term Paper HH/HLST 2010 December 10, 2020 Samrah Zaidi 217026683 Dennis Raphael
1 Introduction The social determinants of health are what frame the health of individuals and communities through economic and social factors. There are many social determinants of health from race and class to accessing health care services. The four most important social determinants of health would be income, employment, working conditions and housing. These four factors contribute to each other and provide people with either the best or worst health outcomes. It is very important that these four factors are equally distributed for all the varying populations, because if one or the other is insufficient, it can lead to a deterioration in the health of many Canadians. Four Most Important Social Determinants of Health Income is the first key determinant of health as it determines the ability to provide oneself with many basic necessities. Income determines the quality of early life, education, employment and working conditions, and food security (Raphael, 2016b). It is evident that income also determines many people’s ability to cope with illnesses and other health problems. If all Canadians were as healthy as the top 20% of income earners in Canada, there would be about 40,000 less deaths every year (Raphael, 2016b). There are many marginalized groups dealing with income inequality; Aboriginal peoples, immigrants, children, and racialized groups. In 2011, more than one in four Aboriginal households had an income below the low-income cut-off, in comparison to the other 15% of Canadian households (Smylie & Firestone, 2016). Immigrants have less employment opportunities due to not having enough work experience in Canada, which results in low or no income. Research suggests that immigrants who came to Canada in the last five years have had a much lower earning ratio to Canadian-born workers (Curry-Stevens, 2016). These differences among income distribution lead to various physical and mental health problems. Low income results in psychological distress, which makes difficult times harder to deal with (Auger & Alix, 2016). Not having a sufficient income means not being able to provide for oneself or one’s family; leading to further struggles in life with affordability of food, housing and education. People who have a low-income tend to prioritize food and housing, leaving education out of the equation, so their children are unable to receive the education they deserve (Auger & Alix, 2016). This causes children from low-income families to be at a disadvantage as they are unable to achieve higher education to be successfully employed, and are vulnerable to living in poverty their entire lives. With relation to that, the health of children now and in
2 their adult years is affected by living circumstances that are highly dependent on family income (Raphael, 2016a). People of different races experience income inequalities in the workforce as they deal with racism or discrimination which leads to lower chances of employment. Racialized groups in Canada deal with high income disadvantages compared to

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture