Anthro Final Exam
most basic principle of organizing individuals into social groups, roles, and
– group composed of a woman, her dependent children, and at least 1 adult male
joined to that unit by blood or marriage
Ex. American typical family includes a couple with children
Children are enculturated through the teachings of their parents and
Southwest India: several brothers and sisters with sisters children
Children are enculturated by the mother and her sisters and brothers.
– socially approved relationship between a socially recognized male and a socially
recognized female such that children born to the wife are accepted as the offspring of both
the husband and the wife
: is when children are enculturated to promote compliance
with assigned tasks.
It discourages self reliance and self interest.
Definition of self comes from group identity,
: promotes child’s independence, self reliance, and
- Children fed on schedule not demand, sleep privately, given responsibility later
in life, receives less attention, more tolerance toward aggression, competition is
encouraged, exert individual dominance
An adult person sense of group membership comes from their sense of
They identify themselves through what they have achieved
behavior that is stylized, repetitive, stereotyped, performed as a social
act, at a set time and place, and has liturgical orders – set up ahead of time
A Mcdonalds meal is a ritual because it happens at a certain time of day (lunch,
dinner) at a certain place (mcdonalds), eating is a social act
Ex of American ritual:
The inauguration of the president of the united states is a ritual.
It happens every
4 years at noon on Jan 20.
It has an oath and a speech to swear the president in to
It has many characteristic events such as a swearing in, speech, parade,
– group distinguished by cultural similarities and differences, share
certain beliefs, values, habits, customs, and norms because of their common
The Hmong in America are an ethnic group because of their obviously different