10-25 - 10-25-07 early african american newspapers between...

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10-25-07 early african american newspapers - between 1827 and the end of the civil war in 1865, 40 newspapers directed at black readers and opposed to slavery struggled for survival - issues these papers faced: hostility from white readers, and illiteracy rates. - freedom's journal: 1st black newspaper (1827-1829) - the alienated american (1852-1856) - the new orleans daiy creole (1856) - first black-owned daily in the south - the north star (a weekly anti-slavery newspaper established in 847 by Frederick Douglas) 3,000 circulation. ended in 1860 - pittsburgh courier, founded in 1910, the most widely circulated, its circulation peaked at 350,000 in 1947. now - since 1827 more than 3,000 papers have been edited and owned by african americans, but circulation has dropped due to tv and radio programs (since the 70s) divestment of wimpy advertisers afraid of controversy in the civil rights era (60s) loss of industrial jobs which diminished readership and hurt small neighborhood bisinesses - also since the civil rights movement, mainstream press courted and raided black newspapers for journalists, and the mainstream press began to court black readers as consumers. Spanish Language Newspapers - new york's el dario - la prensa (1913) - los angeles' la opinion (1926) - the nations largest spanish-language daily - many others, including hoy (NY) owned by the chicago tribune - by 2000 more than 1500 daily and non=daily spanish language newspapers
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10-25 - 10-25-07 early african american newspapers between...

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