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Stitz-Zeager_College_Algebra_e-book

11 are in order note that the expressions for f x g x

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Unformatted text preview: a general polynomial has any complex zeros at all? We have many examples of polynomials with no real 6 7 Trust us on this. See Section 9.3. 222 Polynomial Functions zeros. Can there be polynomials with no zeros whatsoever? The answer to that last question is “No.” and the theorem which provides that answer is The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra. Theorem 3.13. The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra: Suppose f is a polynomial function with complex number coefficients of degree n ≥ 1, then f has at least one complex zero. The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra is an example of an ‘existence’ theorem in mathematics. Like the Intermediate Value Theorem, Theorem 3.1, the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra guarantees the existence of at least one zero, but gives us no algorithm to use in finding it. In fact, as we mentioned in Section 3.3, there are polynomials whose real zeros, though they exist, cannot be expressed using the ‘usual’ combinations of arithmetic symbols, and must be approximate...
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