Find the domain and range of those relations which

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Unformatted text preview: n of G is (−∞, 1). To determine the range of G, we project the curve to the y -axis as follows: y y 4 3 3 2 project right 4 2 1 −1 project left x 1 1 −1 1 x −1 −1 The graph of G The graph of G Note that even though there is an open circle at (1, 3), we still include the y value of 3 in our range, since the point (−1, 3) is on the graph of G. We see that the range of G is all real numbers less than or equal to 4, or, in interval notation: (−∞, 4]. All functions are relations, but not all relations are functions. Thus the equations which described the relations in Section1.2 may or may not describe y as a function of x. The algebraic representation of functions is possibly the most important way to view them so we need a process for determining whether or not an equation of a relation represents a function. (We delay the discussion of finding the domain of a function given algebraically until Section 1.5.) Example 1.4.5. Determine which equations represent y as a function of x: 1. x3 + y 2 = 1 2. x2 + y 3 = 1 3. x2 y = 1 − 3y Solution. For each of these equations, we solve for y and determine whether each choice of x will determine only one corresponding value of y . 1. x3 + y 2 y2 y2 y = = = = 1 1 − x3 √ 1 − x3 extract square roots √ ± 1 − x3 1.4 Introduction to Functions 39 √ If we substitute x = 0 into our equation for y , we get: y = ± 1 − 03 = ±1, so that (0, 1) and (0, −1) are on the graph of...
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2013 for the course MATH Algebra taught by Professor Wong during the Fall '13 term at Chicago Academy High School.

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