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We note that as t takes on values in the interval 1 1

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Unformatted text preview: s ‘modulus’, ‘argument’ and ‘principal argument’ are well-defined. Concerning the modulus, if z = 0 then the point associated with z is the origin. In this case, the only r-value which can be used here is r = 0. Hence for z = 0, |z | = 0 is well-defined. If z = 0, then the point associated with z is not the origin, and there are two possibilities for r: one positive and one negative. However, we stipulated r ≥ 0 in our definition so this pins down the value of |z | to one and only one number. Thus the modulus is well-defined in this case, too.2 Even with the requirement r ≥ 0, there are infinitely many angles θ which can be used in a polar representation of a point (r, θ). If z = 0 then the point in question is not the origin, so all of these angles θ are coterminal. Since coterminal angles are exactly 2π radians apart, we are guaranteed that only one of them lies in the interval (−π, π ], and this angle is what we call the principal argument of z , Arg(z ). I...
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