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POL S 101 Chapter 3 - POL S 101 Chapter 3 Summary-Initially...

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POL S 101 Chapter 3 Summary -Initially government emerged from collective action aimed at providing security. -Human beings’ aversion to anarchy and their tendency toward hierarchy. -governments satisfy fundamental human desires. Definitions Alliances- An agreement between groups or individuals to join resources and abilities for a purpose that individually benefits the members of the alliance. Anarchy- absence of any kind of overarching authority or hierarchy with no means for policing behavior or enforcing agreements. Authority- a subcategory of power. When the social structure of context leaders others to accept that person’s commands, direction, or control over their actions. Collective Action - coordinated group activity designed to achieve a common goal that individuals acting on their own could not otherwise attain Government- The creation of institutions or structures to provide the security that people continually need; the result of a group’s need to institutionalize, or make permanent, its
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