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1Terri Shiavo Case8-1 Final Project II Submission: BioethicsBelen ElizondoIHP 420 - Ethical & Legal ConsiderationsSouthern New Hampshire UniversityDecember 15, 2020
2Terri Shiavo CaseOn February 25, 1990, Terri Shiavo suffered a heart attack and the loss of consciousness for a duration of time that resulted in massive brain damage due to the lack of oxygen leaving herin a comatose state. After several months of therapy and medical care, her condition did not improve, and her diagnosis was changed to persistent vegetative state (PVS) (Haberman, 2014). Unlike a condition in which brain death occurs, PVS is an irreversible brain condition in which the person can breathe without mechanical assistance but is in a deep state of unconsciousness with involuntary actions and loss of cognition (Fremgen, 2016, pg. 330). At the persistence of her parents, Robert and Mary Schindler, the next two years of Terri’s life included experimental therapies along with traditional physical and speech therapies with the hope that her condition would improve. And Terri remained on the life supporting treatment provided by a feeding tube which is a medical device that provides nutrition, fluid, and medications into the stomach. Although her parents left no option unturned and pursued every possible sign of hope for Terri’s