LECTURE 2.docx - Democracy and its Complexities I(or...

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Democracy and its Complexities I (or Lecture of the Two Georges) I. Democracy – a slippery concept. - justice is related to democracy loosely, we blend them and overlap them a) Everybody claims democracy - George W. Bush, recent president of U.S o Talking about Turkeys and Muslims o Says “if justice is the goal then democracy is the answer” o Justice is goal, so democracy is the rule of law GDR and the inner city. o German Democratic Republic o Designation of former Eastern DPRK o Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Examples of places that publicly claim democracy but don’t always fit all the characteristics Democratic characteristics o Right to vote, participate o However, some critics say that those rights are bs because what if social circumstances don’t allow people to exercise rights II. Three push-button elements of democracy. - Things we think about when we think about democracy - Refer to them in different combinations a) Freedom i. ‘Freedom from’ and ‘freedom to’. - West believe we have ultimate freedom, pinnacle of freedom - Cannot discern what aspects are actually, really, free. - What does it really mean to have the freedom to choose one brand over the other? - There are negatives and positives to freedoms o Negative = freedom from Threat Course of violence misery Starvation Repression or exploitation Intervention from other people, or state o Positive = freedom to Speak, worship, assemble o Healthcare, consumer purchasing ii. Locating boundaries of freedom. - George Michael – freedom song - We should be aware of how far we can push boundaries
- What constitutes actual freedom and what doesn’t o Where does luxurious, excessive behaviour begin o This demonstrates society and its barriers, how much leeway we give individuals b) Equality c) to i. Equality shifts with our social values -

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