29 - GEO101-D Notes 10/3/2007 12:00:00 PM o Urban...

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GEO101-D Notes  03/10/2007 11:00:00 o Urban boosterism, place-marketing and place-making, and the importance of the  local context o Why are cities competitive with each other? My answer is capitalism (a form of  economic and social organization characterized by the profit motive and economic  control by private ownership Capital is limited Capital is mobile o Capital can touch down in place (if you have the correct balance of strategy and  planning, natural resources, and luck) o While capitalism certainly transforms over time, there is such a lack of capital and a  desire for it that making cities competitive has remained an important task of city  managers and investors in the united states o This is now the case throughout the world as cities compete for tourists, investment,  a rich, educated, and mobile population, and profitable businesses o Cincinnati was the US’s first boomtown, and by the mid-1800s had a larger  population than nyc, Chicago, dc, Boston, Indianapolis, Cleveland, and the southern  cities o In the mid 1800s over 60% of over the Rhine’s residents were German immigrants,  and the area was the richest in the city o Who are a city’s managers and investors?
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Managers-a city’s executive board of course.  But there are many politicians  involved in managing cities behind the scenes-these can include the  managers of private companies Investors- city residents, employees, regional tourists, business owners, and  importantly, members of the city government Key point to remember- the elite class is a member of both of these  categories o Most of the time it’s a very small amount of people making the  decisions o The David peppers of Cincinnati have been in charge of boosting or promoting  Cincinnati to the masses for the past 150 years Boss Cox The luken family The pepper family o And so on… o This boosterist strategy by the city gov. extended to the suburbs in the 1900s and  through the 20 th  century Annexation of outlying neighborhoods by Cincinnati government Relocation of rich Cincinnatians to the burbs Movement of newly freed slaves to the west end (adjacent to the over the  rhine)
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Cultural engineering-according to supposed ethnic superiority-encouraging  members of one ethnic group to live and work in the same area, the clearing  slums to force them to do so
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GEO101D-Notes 03/10/2007 11:00:00 o Many times the richer people in society will live outside of the city and commute o Neighborhoods like over the Rhine and the west end were engineered with  discrimination in mind… leading to prevailing racist notions of the area and a 
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course GEO 101 taught by Professor Gillen during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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29 - GEO101-D Notes 10/3/2007 12:00:00 PM o Urban...

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