Politics 111 Review Sheet

Politics 111 Review Sheet - Politics 111 Review Sheet...

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Politics 111 Review Sheet 11/12/2007 21:15:00 Elections and Voting 1. Be able to identify the most significant long-term factors in voting behavior in  the United States.  Which particular long-term factors have shown signs of possible  change in recent years Long term voting factors o Party ID (strong predictor of vote) o Ideology (also strong predictor of voting tendencies) o Union households o Race o Religion o Household Income Possible signs of change o Party ID Realignment  Dealignment o Ethnicity Hispanics- beginning to vote more Republican 2. Why are issues and candidate evaluation considered short-term voting  factors?  What are some of the components of candidate evaluation?  Which candidate  evaluation factors were important in the Bush-Gore race in 2000 and the Bush-Kerry  2004?  What categories did each candidate lead in? Short-term voting factors o People don’t feel as strongly about them o Change from election to election
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Include Economy Govt. Spending Defense Foreign Policy Taxes Crime Components of candidate evaluation o Strong leader o Honest o Clear stand on issues o Will bring needed change o Religious faith o Cares about people o Intelligence Important factors for Bush-Gore 2000 o Bush Strong Leader Good commander in chief Bring needed change o Gore
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Cares about less fortunate Knows about world affairs Right experience Important factors for Bush-Kerry 2004 o Bush Strong Leader Honest Right stand on issues Religious Faith o Kerry Cares about people Intelligence Will bring needed change 3. What is divided government?  How much more prevalent is divided  government in the post 1952 era relative to the pre- 1952 era?  What are some possible  explanations for divided government?  Has divided government been strictly a national  phenomenon? Explain? Divided government o A critical phenomenon of the post WWII era is the rise of divided  control of the presidency and Congress From 1789- 1952 the same party controlled the White House and Congress  80% of the time o Divided government took place only 20% of the time From 1952-2004 unified party control of the White House and Congress  occurred only 38% of the time (20 years). o Divided government became the norm 62% of the time
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32 years out of 52 Explanations for divided government  o Breakdown in strong partisanship Dealignment o Many voters prefer a stalemate government  Serves as a check on presidential power  o Historically divided government is a anomaly Is divided government a national phenomenon o No; on state levels as well 
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Politics 111 Review Sheet - Politics 111 Review Sheet...

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