Notes Pages 619-633 - Nikhil Tuteja Notes Pages 619-633...

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Nikhil Tuteja Notes Pages 619-633 Chapter 16: Psychological Disorders Perspective on Psychological Disorders Defining Psychological Disorders Psychological disorders : a harmful dysfunction in which behavior is judged to be atypical (abnor- mal), disturbing, maladaptive (not appropriately adjusting to a situation), and unjustifiable. Ex: someone who spends five hours cleaning their room everyday (atypical) Ex: someone who’s culture values wearing no clothes goes naked in the US (disturbing) Ex: smoking and nicotine dependence (maladaptive) Ex: someone hears voices but other cant hear them (unjustifiable) Understanding Psychological Disorders Philippe Pinel was an early health reformer who believed that madness was a sickness of the mind caused by severe stress and inhumane conditions. Moral treatment: boosting patients’ morale by talking to them and making them feel relaxed and more open and happy. Medical model : the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured. When applied to psychological disorders, the medical model assumes that these mental illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and sured through therapy, which may included treatment in a psychiatric hospital. Some disorders are universal across cultures, but others are not. Ex: depression and schizophrenia occur worldwide, but eating disorders are primarily in the Western Hemisphere and Susto in Latin America. Bio-psycho-social perspective : a contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psy- chological, and sociocultural factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders.
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