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Nikhil TutejaPeriod 4 – MouwAP U.S. HistoryCUE COLUMNNOTE-TAKING COLUMN“Reconstruction and the South”•Why was this era given the name “Era of Reconstruction?”“The Aftermath of War and Emancipation”•“Lost Cause”•What kind of effects did the Civil War have on the South?“Competing Notions of Freedom”•Freedmen’s Bureau•How did former slaves define freedom? White Southerners?“Issues of Reconstruction”•Radical Republicans•What were some of the issues with the readmission of Southern States?“Plans for Reconstruction”•10% Plan•Wade-Davis Bill•Ironclad Oath•What were some of the requirements included in the Wade-Davis Bill that were needed for a Southern State to achieve readmission?“The Death of Lincoln”•Ford’s Theater•John Wilkes Booth“Johnson and ‘Restoration’”•Andrew Johnson•“Restoration” Plan•What previous bill was Johnson’s Restoration Plan similar to?“ Reconstruction and the South”•Era of Reconstruction – years following the civil war when Americans attempted to reunite their shattered nation. Contrasting views placed upon the era between Northerners and Southerners. Did not provide African Americans legal protections or material resources to assure real equality. “The Aftermath of War and Emancipation”•Southern region in 1865 was in a state of desolation. Major portions of the male population had been killed in the war and Southerners began to romanticize the “Lost Cause” and its major leaders. Freed slaves often had nowhere to go and were left in disarray. “Competing Notions of Freedom”•African Americans defined freedom as being able to do everything a white man can. Differed in demands on achieving freedom – land, legal equality, and independence. They also began to create autonomous African American communities in the South.•White Southerners thought of freedom as the ability to control their own destinies without interference. Attempted to keep blacks legally tied to plantations. Freedmen’s Bureau – an agency of the Army that distributed food, established schools, and relocated many former slaves and poor whites in the South.“Issues of Reconstruction”•If the reuniting of the South were to occur the Democratic Party would likely weaken the Republican Party; which was already taking advantage of their absence. In addition many Northerners felt reprimand should be made against the South for their secession. •Disagreement over the proper approach to Reconstruction looked much like that over Emancipation. There existed Republicans that were conservatives, moderates, and radicals each with their own demands.“Plans for Reconstruction”•Lincoln sided with the Moderates and Conservatives over the issue. Believed in a lenient reconstruction policy that would encourage southern participation in the Repub. Party and not strengthen the Democratic Party to a greater extent.