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1Pakistani Female with Delusional Thought ProcessesDelusional DisordersKristin CampbellNURS 6630
2Pakistani Female with Delusional Thought ProcessesSchizophreniaSchizophrenia is a chronic mental health disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, unclear speech, and or behavior, along with a decrease in cognitive ability (Patel et al., 2014). Schizophrenia can make it hard for an individual to keep a job, participate in social gatherings, or just completing normal activities of daily living. There are many theories on why aperson may develop schizophrenia including complications in utero, genic, and environmental factors, along with brain chemistry (Patel et al., 2014). Schizophrenia can occur in gender equality, but symptoms appear to present earlier on in males starting around age 20 and in females presenting later on in their twenties or thirties (Patel et al., 2014). Schizophrenia is combined with positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms which doctors use to help identify schizophrenia from other conditions (Patel et al., 2014). Positive symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, and unusual motor behavior (Patel et al., 2014). Negative symptoms include a decrease in showing emotion and in being goal-directed, alogia, and anhedonia (Patel et al., 2014). Cognitive symptoms include a lack of attention, memory, and functioning (Patel et al., 2014). Studies concerning ethnicity and schizophrenia in the United States show that African Americans have an increased risk for schizophrenia than Caucasian’s with one study suggesting the disparity was due to racial differences in socioeconomic status as well as marital status (Bresnahan et al., 2007). The rate of schizophrenia amongst the Pakistani population is not clear, but there is a belief that 1 to 2 percent of the population have schizophrenia (Hasan & Adil, 2019). The majority of individuals living in Pakistan are in underdeveloped areas where education is not provided leading to low knowledge rates resulting in the belief of Pakistanis with schizophrenia are possessed by spirits instead of a mental illness (Hasan & Adil, 2019).
3Pakistani Female with Delusional Thought ProcessesTreatment is sought through healing by faith instead of a psychiatrist (Hasan & Adil, 2019). Practices of treatment received by faith healers can be abusive as some people are beaten to hurt the spirit possessing the patient while thinking the patient was not being harmed (Hasan & Adil, 2019). People affected by mental illness are challenged every day by the problems that are associated with their condition which makes life more challenging for them. On top of having an already challenging life individuals with mental illness have to manage the stigma that is placed upon them by others mainly due to a lack of education and knowledge about mental conditions.