Society Lecture 6 After learning this chapter, you should be able to • Define society . • Explain what factors shape society. • Understand why societies change. • See how sociologists help us understand modern societies
What is a society? Read the paragraphs about the Tuareg on page 92. What makes the life of the Tuareg on the Sahara Desert so different from our own? Society refers to people who interact in defined territory and share a culture
Gerhard Lenski: Society and Technology Sociocultural evolution: Changes that occur as a society gains new technology. 5 types of societies defined by their technology: 1. Hunting and gathering societies 2. Horticultural and pastoral societies 3. Agrarian societies 4. Industrial societies 5. Postindustrial societies American sociologist
Questions for discussion 1.What is the role of the family in hunting and gathering societies? What are some of the important lessons we can learn from studying hunting and gathering societies? 2.Why are horticultural and pastoral societies more diverse than hunting and gathering societies? How were religious believes in these two societies different? 3.Why were gender inequalities in agrarian societies greater than in gathering and horticultural societies?
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- Fall '13
- Sociology, Weber