Phil 112 Notes

# Phil 112 Notes - Argument Cluster of assertions called...

This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

6/26/07 Argument - Cluster of assertions called premises that lead to a conclusion. Deductive Argument - Argument in which it is alleged that the truth of the premises guarantees the truth of the conclusion. Validity (of a deductive argument) - If the premises, if true, do lead to the asserted conclusion, then the argument is valid. Validity does not guarantee truth! Sound - An argument is sound if it is valid AND all the premises are true. If anything at all exists, then God exists. Some things do exist. Therefore, God exists. If I am in SB, then I'm not in LA. I am in SB. Therefore, I am not in LA. --- Sound All A's are B's. All B's are C's. Therefore, All A's are C's. --- Valid Most A's are B's. Most B's are C's. Therefore, most A's are C's. --- INVALID

This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document
Lecture 3 Final remarks about the causal argument Argument by Aquinas, relies on the general intuition of it all had to come from somewhere Objection is the infinite regress- skeptics objection Further readings on infinite regress: Pojman 24-47 by Craig Reponse by P. Draper One other issue needs to be discussed with the 1st cause argument Pure reasoning and scientific investigation (2 ways of finding out). In math, you could inquire both ways… But to inquire if my wife is home, pure reasoning is not sufficient, and must go through empirical investigation. Scientist have proven by empirical investigation that there was a big bang. Is this a fist cause? Some people say it is, so we have discovered 1st cause through empirical investigation, but this even makes the leap more clear that the 1st cause is God, because establishing a big bang, does not establish God What caused the big bang? But if you take this position, then you are stuck in the infinite regress problem, where something proceeds another forever So the big bang will not help for his causal argument for the existence of God Argument from contingency/dependency Following the paper by Rowe… More powerful argument that the causal argument Two forms for the argument from contingency: 1) represented by Aquinas 3rd way (we will not look at this 2) we will look at Leibniz argument, has 2 parts a. Establish the existence of a necessary being (a being who very nature is such that its non-existence is impossible, it must exist. An analogy is a triangles nature cannot fail to have 3 sides. Nature of a round square is that it cannot exist, a necessary being is the opposite of this) b. 2nd part is that this necessary being is God. (there is a leap here too, but we will focus on the 1st part now) technical terms before we start the argument: Grasp the distinction between dependent being and an independent being Dependent being is a being that has the reason of its existence lying in the causal power of some other being. Almost everything is an dependant being- we are dependant being, we are to the causal power of our parents, the clock to the clock maker
The independent being is a being that has the reason of its existence lying in its very nature. (the reason for a triangle having three sides lies in its very nature. The reason of the non- existence of a round

This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

### What students are saying

• As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern