UPLOAD_Lecture 8 (Motivation)

UPLOAD_Lecture 8 (Motivation) - C h a p t e r 10 MOTIVATION...

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C h a p t e r   10 M O T I V A T I O N
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Lecture Outline Motivational Perspectives Hunger and Obesity Sexual Motivation Need for Achievement Emotions
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Motivation Motivation refers to the moving force that energizes behavior Motives reflect Biological needs Psychosocial needs
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Psychodynamic Perspective Freud argued for two fundamental motives: Sex Aggression Subsequent psychodynamic theorists argue for Need for relatedness to others Need for self-esteem
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Unconscious Motivation Freud argued that a person can be unaware of their own motives for their behaviors Unconscious motivation can be assessed using projective tests in which a person is asked to describe a vague stimulus
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Projective Tests What is happening in the scene to the right? What is she thinking now? What would you be saying if you were the person in the middle?
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Projective Tests
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Behaviorist Perspective Behaviors are governed by stimuli in the environment Needs reflect a requirement such as hydration and energy (from calories) Drives are states of arousal that accompany an unfulfilled need Hunger Thirst Drive reduction theory argues that we behave in order to satisfy needs and reduce drives
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Cognitive Perspective Goals refer to positive outcomes that are established by social learning Goals can be set and persons can monitor their own progress toward the goal Note that this view of motivation relies on conscious processing rather than unconscious processing Feedback about progress toward the goal is key to motivating performance
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
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Evolutionary Perspective Evolutionary perspective argues that motivational systems can contribute to reproductive success Evolution selects for animals that maximize their inclusive fitness (their own reproductive success plus that of close relatives) Recall that close relatives share similar genes Pheromones may serve as a cue to identifying close relatives Crickets spend more time in a territory marked with the scent of a close relative
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 1061 taught by Professor Lytle during the Fall '07 term at Temple.

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UPLOAD_Lecture 8 (Motivation) - C h a p t e r 10 MOTIVATION...

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