CHAPTER 16 - 17 notes - CHAPTER 16 Middle Adulthood Social and Emotional Development*Most people see midlife as a 2nd childhood filled w opportunities

CHAPTER 16 - 17 notes - CHAPTER 16 Middle Adulthood Social...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 17 pages.

CHAPTER 16 Middle Adulthood: Social and Emotional Development **Most people see midlife as a 2 nd childhood, filled w/ opportunities for new directions and fulfillment . Increased crystallized intelligence and little loss in fluid intelligence. Havighurst’s Developmental Tasks of Middle Adulthood. o Kids move out o Parents help kids establish themselves. o Preferences in leisure activities change. o Deeper relationship w/ partner o Become involved in meaningful social and civid responsibilities o Keep work performance satisfactory o Adjust to physical changes and adjustments of caring for aging parents. Outdated - Havinghurst did not consider gays and lesbians or those who choose to remain single or not have kids. Nor those who do not take on civic duties. Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Believed major psychological challenge of the middle years is generativity versus stagnation o Generativity ability to generate or produce; based on instinctual drive toward procreativity (bearing and rearing children / and contributing to society) can consist of parenting one’s own children, helping others with their children, being engaged in projects that will influence future generations **Generativity Contributes to future generations and enhances one’s own self-esteem and sense of meaning in life. o Stagnation rejection of generativity drive can result in a life stripped of meaning and purpose o Van Hiel experiment Generativity and stagnation ore independent dimensions and not opposites. Can be low in both or high in both. More generative groups scored significantly higher in the personality variable of conscientiousness More stagnant group scored significantly higher on the personality variable of neuroticism (emotional instability – enduring tendency to experience negative feelings such as anxiety, anger, guilt, and depression.) Daniel Levinson’s Seasons Midlife transition o The years from 40 to 45 o Psychological shift into middle adulthood often accompanied by a midlife crisis during which people fear they have more to look back upon than forward to Midlife crisis (some experience not most) o Time of dramatic self-doubt and anxiety during which Taking stock of life and seeing you have fallen short people sense the passing of their youth become preoccupied with concern about the imminence of their own mortality
o “marker events” menopaouse, death of friend or parent, child leaving could trigger crisis. May be imposed from external factors such as downsizing o Once crisis begins – may attempt to deny realities of aging Extramarital affair to prove still sexually attractive Buying a red sports car Suddenly shifting careers.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture