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AMSCO CH 27 notes Copy and paste Ch27 AMSCO Notes below and submit The Eisenhower Years 1952-1960 Eisenhower Takes Command ●President Dwight (Ike) Eisenhower personified the1950s ●Pre presidency- Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe during WW2 ●Republican slogan “I Like Ike” expressed te genuine feeling of middle-class Americans The Election of 1952 ●Americans were looking for relief from the Korean war and an end to political scandal in washington(The mess in Washington) ●Republicans looked forward to their first presidential victory in 20 years ●In Republican primaries, voters had a choice between Senator Robert Taft of Ohio and War hero Eisenhower - most of liked Eisenhower who went on to win the Republican nomination ●Conservative supporters of Taft balanced the ticket by persuading Eisenhower to choose Richard Nixon for his running mate -young California Senator who made a name for himself attacking communist in the Alger Hiss case ●Democrats elected popular Illinois government Adlai Stevenson, who's with eloquence and courage in confronting McCarthyism appeal to liberals Campaign Highlights Eisenhower -non-politician who had a spotless reputation for integrity -Reputation almost spoiled by reports of his running mate Richard Nixon having used campaign funds for his own personal use. - Nixon was almost dropped from the ticket however he saved his political future by effectively defending himself on television appealing to people's emotions
Domestic Policies Eisenhower adopted a style of leadership that emphasizes the delegation of authority. -filled his cabinet with successful corporate executives who gave his administration a business like tone. -Secretary of Defense Charles Wilson the former head of General Motors. Eisenhower- often criticized by the press for spending too much time golfing and fishing opposed to handling important decisions. Modern Republicanism President Eisenhower's term for his balanced and moderate approach to governing. Claiming he was liberal toward people but conservative about spending money. ●Helped balance the federal budget and lowered taxes without destroying existing social programs. Interstate Highway System Most permanent Legacy of the Eisenhower years -Passage in 1956 of the Highway Act authorized the construction of 42000 miles of Interstate Highway linking all the nation's major cities High demand for fuels tires and vehicles hurt the railroads and ultimately the environment Little attention was paid to public transportation which old and poor people used Prosperity Eisenhower's presidency ●Country enjoyed a steady growth rate with an inflation rate averaging a negligible 1.5% ●between 1945 and 1960, the per capita disposable income of Americans tripled. ●By the mid-1950s the average American family had twice the real income of a comparable family during the boom years of the 1920s ●the post-war economy gave Americans the highest standard of living in the world The Election of 1956 ●