Election of 1860 and the Secession of the Southern StatesDocument 1: 1860 Electoral MapSource:Introduction: The election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 was accomplished in an election that exposed a regional schismin the United States. Examine this map to identify patterns of alienation in this election as an introduction to the regional conflict that was to come.This map shows the distribution of electoral votes in the 1860 presidential election.Questions:1.From which specific states and how many total electoral votes did Lincoln win from states that wouldeventually secede and join the Confederate states?none of the states he won seceded2.From which specific states and how many total electoral votes did Lincoln win from slave states that would remain within the Union?none
3.What conclusion can you draw from these results as to the appeal of Lincoln and the Republican Party among slaveholders?the conclusion I can draw is that the people in the south didn't want licoln in office because he was against slavery.while the north voted for him because they wanted slavery gone.Document 2: The President’s Inauguralby Thomas NastSource:Introduction: This political cartoon appeared in the New York Illustrated News on March 23, 1861, after the inauguration of President Abraham Lincoln.In Thomas Nast’s 1861 cartoon, Abraham Lincoln is shown at left as a woman holding an olive branch and scales next to the word “Peace.” To the right, Lincoln is dressed as a solider next to the word “War.” The caption reads “The President’s Inaugural – This is the way the North receives it” and “This
is the way the South receives it.” (credit: "The president's inaugural" (1861). Lincoln Graphics. Brown Digital Repository. Brown University Library.)Questions:1.Citing the cartoonist’s specific imagery as evidence, describe the perception of Abraham Lincoln from the perspective of the northern states. the northern states saw Lincoln inauguration as a way to get rid of slavery wich is why he was standing next to the words peace.2.Citing the cartoonist’s specific imagery as evidence, describe the perception of Abraham Lincoln from the perspective of the southern states.since the south economy was nased on slavery they did't want to lose it which in the picture shows a man holding a gun on the floor meaning that the south saw his inauguration as the start for war.Document 3: Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union, December 24, 1860Source:Introduction: This ordinance officially declared South Carolina to be the first southern state to secede from the union in response to the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency. It was authored by the well-known “fire eater” and long-time advocate for secession, Thomas Barnwell Rhett.