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Test 1 Review - Introduction What is Linguistics...

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Introduction What is Linguistics? Linguistics is the scientific study of language. Linguistics aims to define language as precisely and completely as possible; how all languages are alike and how they are different; how people acquire language Competence vs. Performance Competence is the unconscious knowledge of native speakers, and performance is the actual speech acts uttered by native speakers. Prescriptive vs. Descriptive Prescriptive grammar is socially constructed notions of correct or proper usage, and descriptive grammar is a linguistic description of actual native speakers’ usage used to construct a model of competence. Linguistic sign A word that refers to something that is a referent. “Tree” refers to the actual physical tree. Phonetics What is phonetics? Phonetics is the study of the minimal units of language. Articulatory / Auditory / Acoustic Articulatory is the study of how speech sounds are made. Acoustic is the study of how speech sounds are transmitted. Auditory is the study of how sounds are perceived.
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