ASIAN NATIONALISM STUDY GUIDE - ASIAN NATIONALISM STUDY GUIDE Asian Nationalism Study Guide Terms people places etc India China Japan Old Imperialism vs

ASIAN NATIONALISM STUDY GUIDE - ASIAN NATIONALISM STUDY...

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ASIAN NATIONALISM STUDY GUIDE Asian Nationalism Study Guide - Terms, people, places, etc. India China Japan Old Imperialism vs. New Imperialism Imperialism The domination by one country over the political, social, and economic life of another region o questionable… ambiguous legacy (because of mother countries role!) Old Imperialism (1500 – 1800s) New Imperialism (1800 – 1914) – industrial rev! Age of exploration Countries explore Americas ~--- Land + resources (economic) Called NEW because * more COUNTRIES involved (political, economic, social) Countries that are dominating ----called mother country ---- controlling, strict, protective, over protective, helpful, good intentions, involved, supportive Who? France, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, England Who participated? France, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, England, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Russia, Turkey, U.S. Triangle routes developed Triangle trade (Atlantic) To Asia Balance of Trade Focus: How did the british trick India/China into dependency? INDIA BEFORE IMPERIALISM (1600-1850ish) British ----------> (Silver, $$$) - INDIA
INDIA --- (Tea, textiles, salt, finished products, finery) BRITISH THIS IS A NEGATIVE BALANCE OF TRADE FOR BRITAIN. Reverse the balance of trade! How? o Crushed/closed Indian markets o Passed taxes/laws that ensure British goods supremacy in India o Results in famine, poverty death of long term jobs INDIA AFTER 1800s BRITISH ------> (textiles, manufactured goods, finished products) INDIA INDIA ------> (Taxes, revenue, raw materials [cotton, tea, salt, etc]) BRITAIN *** England ensures that India is economically dependent upon them. *** Sepoys Taiping Rebellion ANIMAL FAT CAUSED a revolt of the sepoy troops in British India (1857–59), resulting in the transfer of the administration of India from the East India Company to the crown. Sepoy Rebellion (first war of Indian Mutiny) Mahandas Gandhi ) TAIPING: Want to get rid of opium, foreigners, worthless manchus want China where all men are equal Swadeshi Mohandas Gandhi’s campaign: Civil disobedience characterized by non-violent non-cooperation Swaraj Indian independence movement Gandhi the state a "soulless machine" which, ultimately, does the greatest harm to mankind o citizens would be alienated from the state and at the same time enslaved to it which according to Gandhi was demoralising and dangerous Ahimsa Nonviolence For Gandhi… love that remains once all violence has ended within oneself Non-cooperation
Satyagraha + swadeshi…?! Leader Beliefs/Aims Politics Beliefs/Aims Economics Beliefs/Aims Social Gandhi - no violence in one's expression and words - Self-suffering reaches its personal extremes in incarceration, physical injury, and the sacrifice of one's life.

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