ASIAN NATIONALISM STUDY GUIDEAsian Nationalism Study Guide - Terms, people, places, etc.India China JapanOld Imperialism vs. New Imperialism Imperialism•The domination by one country over the political, social, and economic life of another regionoquestionable… ambiguous legacy (because of mother countries role!)Old Imperialism(1500 – 1800s)New Imperialism(1800 – 1914) – industrial rev!Age of exploration•Countries explore Americas~--- Land + resources (economic)Called NEW because*more COUNTRIES involved (political, economic, social)•Countries that are dominating----called mother country ---- controlling, strict, protective, over protective, helpful, good intentions, involved, supportiveWho?•France, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, EnglandWho participated?•France, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, England, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Russia, Turkey, U.S.Triangle routes developed•Triangle trade (Atlantic)•To AsiaBalance of Trade Focus: How did the british trick India/China into dependency?INDIA BEFORE IMPERIALISM (1600-1850ish)British ----------> (Silver, $$$) -INDIA
INDIA ---(Tea, textiles, salt, finished products, finery) BRITISHTHIS IS A NEGATIVE BALANCE OF TRADEFOR BRITAIN.Reverse the balance of trade!•How?oCrushed/closed Indian marketsoPassed taxes/laws that ensure British goods supremacy in IndiaoResults in famine, poverty death of long term jobsINDIA AFTER 1800sBRITISH ------> (textiles, manufactured goods, finished products) INDIAINDIA ------> (Taxes, revenue, raw materials [cotton, tea, salt, etc]) BRITAIN***England ensures that India is economically dependent upon them.***Sepoys Taiping RebellionANIMAL FAT CAUSEDa revolt of the sepoy troops in British India (1857–59), resulting in the transfer of the administration of India from the East India Company to the crown.Sepoy Rebellion (first war of Indian Mutiny)Mahandas Gandhi )TAIPING: Want to get rid of opium, foreigners, worthless manchuswant China where all men are equalSwadeshi Mohandas Gandhi’s campaign:•Civil disobedience characterized by non-violent non-cooperationSwaraj•Indian independence movement Gandhi•the state a "soulless machine" which, ultimately, does the greatest harm to mankindocitizens would be alienated from the state and at the same time enslaved to it which according to Gandhi was demoralising and dangerousAhimsa •Nonviolence•For Gandhi… love that remains once all violence has ended within oneselfNon-cooperation
•Satyagraha + swadeshi…?!LeaderBeliefs/AimsPoliticsBeliefs/Aims EconomicsBeliefs/Aims SocialGandhi- no violence in one's expression and words- Self-suffering reaches its personal extremes in incarceration, physical injury, and the sacrifice of one's life.