history final 10 - Background of the Industrial Revolution a Scientific Revolution 17th and 18th centuries ii Discoveries of Boyle Lavoisier Newton etc

history final 10 - Background of the Industrial Revolution...

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Background of the Industrial Revolution a. Scientific Revolution- 17 th and 18 th centuries ii. Discoveries of Boyle, Lavoisier, Newton, etc. iii. Abstract research led to practical applications b. Intellectual Revolution (Enlightenment) 18 th centuries Writings of Locke, Voltaire, etc. Interest in progress and better lives for people c. Atmosphere of discovery and free intellectual inquiry Greater knowledge of the world Weakened superstition and tradition Encouraged learning and the search for better and newer ways of doing things ISMS: How is the development of isms linked to industrial rev? intellectual rev How are various isms representative of specific social classes? Major thinkers: Adam Smith – Wealth of nations concept of the market: specifically that it is competition between buyers and sellers that channels the profit motive of individuals on both sides of the transaction such that improved products are produced and at lower costs Karl Marx all great movements inhistory du to result of economic class struggle dialectical materialism abolish private property! industrial rev magnify struggle John Stuart Mills - LIBERALISM individual should be judged based on achievement individual rights! Edmund Burke – CONSERVATISM 3 civilizing forces: monarchy, aristocracy, Christianity Art and literature reflection: The international: Eugene pottier proletariat is being exploited
*During the Industrial Revolution, the middle class grew, and art was about things that the middle class expressed interest in. • Romanticism (A movement that emphasized on human emotion and imagination)à scenes painted on personal freedom, rebellion, things appealing about the Industrial Revolution • Realism (where one artist wishes to portray life as it was and not escape from it)à Showed societies real feelings about the disappearance of the old rules and uncertainty because the middle class grew • Impressionism-painters abandoned many rules set by earlier painters and painted in their own styles, better portraying the messages they wished to get across • Neo- classicism III. NATIONALISM AND SELFDETERMINISM 3 Wars of German Unification: War w/Denmark, 7 Weeks War, and Franco-Prussian War War with Denmark: -The First War -Denmark has to give up Holstein and Schleswig --> Prussia gets Schleswig and Austria gets Holstein. -->Fight between Austria and Prussia because of this land dealing --> Austro-Prussian War 7 Weeks War: -AKA Austro-Prussian War. - The Prussians win and the balance of European power shifts Franco-Prussian War: -A famous telegram is sent to Bismarck from King William and he publishes it -> angers the French and they enter the war with Prussia. -German victory: French Empire collapsed, France loses Alsace and Lorraine, France in debt -Know key leaders in Italian unification: Cavour, Mazzini and Garibaldi Mazzini: soul dreamy + optimistic about republic Cavour: brain manipulate peoples morale Garibaldi: (Sword); unification is only possible after foreign rule byebye! BATTLE CRY Define realpolitik

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