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StuDocu is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or universitySY101 Midterm #2 ReviewIntroduction to Sociology I: Critical Foundations [1] (Wilfrid Laurier University)StuDocu is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or universitySY101 Midterm #2 ReviewIntroduction to Sociology I: Critical Foundations [1] (Wilfrid Laurier University)Downloaded by Avery Mills ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD|6360788
CHAPTER FIVE – SOCIALIZATIONSocialization:-Individuals acquire self-identity and skills to function-Language and social interaction are key-Existing social structures are perpetuated (places, people and environments reproduced)Nature vs. Nurture Debate-Hereditary(genetic reasons) vsSociologist- social and cultural processesBiology, Sociobiology, or Socialization?Is behaviour dictated by biological characteristics? Or is it the product of culture?-Nature:biologicaldeterminism: our behaviour reflectsin-built biological traitslike the need toreproduce and survive.-Nurture:socialization: our beliefs, values, attitudes, and emotions aresculpted throughout our livesbyour contact with social institutions.Blurring Boundaries Between Biology and Sociology-Neither Social nor Biological Determinism fully explains human behaviour.-Epigeneticssuggest that genetic material may change in response to our social environment.Conclusion: humans are both free-willed anddriven by biology and culture.-Studies of “feral children” suggest that our biological makeup sets time limits on our abilities to acquirelanguage and make connections to others.-Without language, we not only cannot connect with others, but we have no means of developing self-awareness.Debate over intelligence:Is our intelligence the outcome of hereditary and genetic factors, or is it a product of social variables such asclass and family structuresThe BELL Curve (Herrnstein and Murray):highlights the ways in which education is doneSelf-fulfilling prophecy:“an expectation that leads to behaviour that causes the expectation to become areality”.-If you think that student is smart, you’re going to give more attention to themThe SELF & socialization:Focus on development of self or awareness about one’s personal and social identityHow does social development occur?Symbolic InteractionismThe self becomes into being because of the social - how I see myself is how you see meDownloaded by Avery Mills ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD|6360788
Cooley’s “Looking Glass Self”Self-concept is socially created – through interaction with othersThree Stages:1.We imagine how we appear to those around us2.We interpret others’ reactions3.We develop a self-conceptGeorge Mead: Development Stages and Role Taking-Play- to take the role of other-Generalized other (the group as a whole)Stages of Self Development:-Egocentric- inability to take the role of others-Preparatory- imitation of others (under age of 3)-Play- ability to imaginatively take the roles of several others ex- playing dress up (3-5)-Game- take on multiple-roles, understand the social position of others, empathize (7 to puberty)Mead: Self1.Me as object-I am always in a conversation with me; society on me2.I as subject3.These interact (me and I) to form the selfMead:-

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