Midterm Exam Study Guide

Midterm Exam Study Guide - Midterm Exam Study Guide Where...

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Midterm Exam Study Guide Where do you mainly get your news and information about the world? 1. Books 2. Newspapers 3. Magazines 4. Radio 5. Internet 6. TV 7. Classroom 8. Other Aug. 6 and 9, 1945, atomic bombs were dropped by US on civilian targets in two cities in Japan Killed in Hiroshima (130K) and Nagasaki (100K):about 230K people Was this necessary? Truman believed it was the only way to bring Japan’s military rulers to unconditional surrender, without having to invade Japan with huge loss life of Allied soldiers. Scholars still debate it: what do YOU think? The "Big Three" at Potsdam, Germany, July 17-August 2, 1945 By the summer of 1945 only Stalin remained of the original leaders of the major Allies. Roosevelt and Churchill were succeeded by Harry Truman (C) and Clement Attlee (L) Agreed to terms on demilitarization, reparations, and temporary occupation of Germany; recognition of liberated eastern European countries; & Nazi war crimes trials. Meanwhile mistrust had grown (check out Stalin’s body language above). Truman also demanded free elections in eastern Europe, while Stalin wanted buffer states between USSR and Germany. What was the “Cold War”?
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Term first popularized by US journalist Walter Lippmann in 1947 (1 st coined by 14 th c. Spanish writer) US v. USSR 1947-1991 global battle for economic & political influence and power, with roots in 1917 Russian Revolution, and mutual hostility with West
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