review religious class quiz 2 - New age\/contemporary religious movements characteristics Sects\/cults characteristics Religious fundamentalism

review religious class quiz 2 - New age/contemporary...

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New age/contemporary religious movements: characteristics Sects/cults: characteristics Religious fundamentalism: characteristics Some major sacred texts : see notes from doctrinal dimension Scripture Written authoritative Texts that have sacred power and transforming effects on readers/listeners. o Most began as oral traditions Canon o Greek: a measuring rod or rule o Long process which deems texts sacred and authoritative o Orthodoxy: the right/straight way o Heterodoxy : the wrong way Ways Scripture is used o Instruction/Education Interpretation: Hermeneutics and Exegesis Sermons o Public Worship and Ritual Recitation Music Performance o Meditation and Devotion o Object of Devotion Text itself has sacred quality o Magical or quasi-magical Text possesses supernatural power Heard or chanted can bring about real change; Ward off evil/witchcraft (eg Mezuzah – small cylinder containing passages from Torah: hearing/chanting a Mantra)) o To Form Basis of Doctrine Jewish Scripture o Hebrew Bible : Tanak, Torah, Prophets, Writings Pentateuch Written and Oral Torah o Septuagint : Greek version of the Hebrew Bible o Jewish Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha o Mishnah/Talmud Christian Scripture o Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) Septuagint : version used by Gospel writers and early Christians o New Testament o Deutero-Canonical/Apocrypha
o Pseudepigrapha and Extra Biblical Texts: assorted Gospels, Acts, Apocrypha, Narratives Muslim Scripture o Qur’an - 114 suras/chapters, form settled within 23 years of Muhammad’s death o Hadith – collections of prophet’s teachings and practices – Hindu Scripture o Vedas – Sanskrit o Sruti – what is heard – regarded as eternal word by 100 C.E. i.e. not composed by humans Rg-Veda – hymns to various gods Sama-Veda – songs and chants based on Rg-Veda used in ritual recitation Atharva Veda – hymns concerned with magical healing and popular matters Brahmanas – prose manuals used by priests, explain rituals Aranyakas – meditations on the meaning of ritual sacrifice Upanishads – philosophical treatises to help release the soul from cycle of reincarnation o Smriti – what is remembered – human written Puranas, ancient lore Mahabharata – large work that includes Bhagavad Gita (Song of the Lord) : teaches caste duty, karma and dharma. Includes two heros, Krishna and Rama Ramayana: Rama (incarnation of Vishnu) and the rescue of his wife Sita from a Demon Buddhist Scripture: varies by sect Traditional Chinese Scripture o Four Books Analects: selected sayings of Confucius written by his disciples Book of Menicus Great Learning Doctrine of Mean o Five Classics (I-Ching or Book of Changes, Book of Poetry, Book of History, Book of Rites, Spring and Autumn Annals) Ways of understanding or interpreting scripture o Inerrancy : the belief that the sacred text contains the absolute truth and words of the Divine Language: along with this belief is that the language of the text is sacred o Inspiration

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