75%(4)3 out of 4 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 12 pages.
New age/contemporary religious movements: characteristicsSects/cults: characteristicsReligious fundamentalism: characteristicsSome major sacred texts: see notes from doctrinal dimensionScripture •Written authoritative Texts that have sacred power and transforming effects on readers/listeners.oMost began as oral traditions•Canon oGreek: a measuring rod or ruleoLong process which deems texts sacred and authoritativeoOrthodoxy: the right/straight wayoHeterodoxy: the wrong way•Ways Scripture is usedoInstruction/EducationInterpretation: Hermeneutics and ExegesisSermonsoPublic Worship and RitualRecitation Music Performance oMeditation and DevotionoObject of DevotionText itself has sacred qualityoMagical or quasi-magical Text possesses supernatural powerHeard or chanted can bring about real change;Ward off evil/witchcraft (eg Mezuzah – small cylinder containing passages from Torah: hearing/chanting a Mantra))oTo Form Basis of Doctrine •Jewish ScriptureoHebrew Bible: Tanak, Torah, Prophets, WritingsPentateuch Written and Oral TorahoSeptuagint: Greek version of the Hebrew Bible oJewish Pseudepigrapha and Apocrypha oMishnah/Talmud•Christian ScriptureoOld Testament (Hebrew Bible)Septuagint: version used by Gospel writers and early ChristiansoNew TestamentoDeutero-Canonical/Apocrypha
oPseudepigrapha and Extra Biblical Texts: assorted Gospels, Acts, Apocrypha, Narratives•Muslim ScriptureoQur’an -114 suras/chapters, form settled within 23 years of Muhammad’s deathoHadith – collections of prophet’s teachings and practices –•Hindu ScriptureoVedas – SanskritoSruti – what is heard – regarded as eternal word by 100 C.E. i.e. not composed by humansRg-Veda – hymns to various godsSama-Veda – songs and chants based on Rg-Veda used in ritual recitationAtharva Veda – hymns concerned with magical healing and popular mattersBrahmanas – prose manuals used by priests, explain ritualsAranyakas – meditations on the meaning of ritual sacrificeUpanishads – philosophical treatises to help release the soul from cycle of reincarnationoSmriti – what is remembered – human writtenPuranas, ancient lore•Mahabharata – large work that includes Bhagavad Gita (Song of the Lord) : teaches caste duty, karma and dharma. Includes two heros, Krishna and Rama•Ramayana: Rama (incarnation of Vishnu) and the rescue of his wife Sita from a Demon•Buddhist Scripture: varies by sect•Traditional Chinese ScriptureoFour BooksAnalects: selected sayings of Confucius written by his disciplesBook of MenicusGreat LearningDoctrine of MeanoFive Classics (I-Ching or Book of Changes, Book of Poetry, Book of History, Book of Rites, Spring and Autumn Annals) •Ways of understanding or interpreting scriptureoInerrancy: the belief that the sacred text contains the absolute truth and words of the DivineLanguage: along with this belief is that the language of the text is sacredoInspiration