Review_101

Review_101 - A Review the concepts that gave you trouble on...

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A Review the concepts that gave you trouble on Exams 1-2. Looking back at the keys, why did you make the mistakes you made?
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A James-Lange Perception of stimulus --> Physiological Change --> Perception of Physiological Change --> Emotion. The perception of a physiological change evokes the different emotions. The emotion does not cause the physiological change! E,g, The perception of a lion causes the heart to beat faster. It is the perception of the fast heart beat that causes the sensation of fear. Schacter and Singer Perception of stimulus --> Simultaneous physiological change & Cognitive naming of emotion -->Conscious interpretation of physiological change (emotion). Implication: Arousal gives “fuel” to an emotion. Arousal can intensify virtually any emotion. E.g., Ice hockey players are already physiologically aroused through vigourous exercise. Insult or anger a player during the game and the famous brawl may break out.
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Q Could you give an explanation of the  difference between classical and  operant conditioning in a real-world  scenario?  What has seemed to me to  be classical is really operant, and I am  still a little confused about the difference  when the situation is such that it seems  to be both.
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A Classical Conditioning: - response is a reflex or an emotional reaction (e.g., salivate to steak) - after conditioning, the response occurs to a new stimulus (e.g., salivate to bell) Operant Conditioning: - a voluntary response is made, and it is either reinforced (and increases) or punished (and decreases)
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Q I don't understand how working memory works alternates between the visuo-spatial sketchpad and the phonological loop, etc. or also how all of that fits into short and long term memory
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A
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The VSS and PL are called upon by the Central Executive when necessary for a given task. THere is no “alternation” between them unless you switch between visual and verbal information.
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Q How does one decide which type of therapy will be the most effective in correcting or treating a psychological problem?
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A In theory, this depends on diagnostic. If you can provide a clear diagnostic, then the current state of knowledge should tell you what the best treatment is (e.g., desensitization for phobia, cognitive behavioral therapy for some anxiety disorders). In practice, it can (and really used to) depend mostly on the theoretical approach (e.g., Freudian vs. humanistic) of the therapist you went to see. More and more, clinicians are eclectic (use principles from many different approaches, together or in succession) to adapt therapy to the specific patient and situation.
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Q How is the commons dilemma beneficial  to social psychology? What is it really  showing? Is there a specific example  that he gave in class because I dont  remember writing this down in my  notes. 
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A E.g., a community of consumers consumes
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Review_101 - A Review the concepts that gave you trouble on...

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