historymidterm - Black codes-laws passed on the state and...

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Black codes --laws passed on the state and local level in the United States to restrict the civil rights and civil liberties of Black People, particularly former slaves in former Confederate states. Local Option-- is the freedom in the United States whereby local political jurisdictions, typically counties or municipalities , can decide by popular vote certain controversial issues within their borders. In practice, it usually relates to the issue of alcoholic beverage sales. As described by an encyclopedia in 1907, local option is the "license granted to the inhabitants of a district to extinguish or reduce the sale of intoxicants in their midst." while a 1911 encyclopedia describes it as "specifically used in politics of the power given to the electorate of a particular district to choose whether licences for the sale of intoxicating liquor should be granted or not. This form of "local option" has been also and more rightly termed "local veto" Local option regarding alcohol was first used in the temperance movement as a means to bring about prohibition gradually. The Anti-Saloon League initially decided to use local option as the mechanism to bring about nation-wide prohibition. Its intent was to work across the country at the local level. WTCU— Womens Christian Temperance Movement The Yangtze Patrol— Chinas 2 nd largest river controlled trade almost like coastgard Vertical Itegration-- The degree to which a firm owns its upstream suppliers and its downstream buyers determines how vertically integrated it is Carnegie Steel Horizontal Integration-- strategy used by a business or corporation that seeks to sell a type of product in numerous markets . To get this market coverage, several small subsidiary companies are created. Each markets the product to a different market segment or to a different geographical area. Dorothy’s Slippers— Reconstruction --was the attempt from 1863 to 1877 in U.S. history to resolve the issues of the American Civil War , when both the Confederacy and slavery were destroyed. Reconstruction addressed the return to the Union of the secessionist Southern states, the status of the leaders of the Confederacy, and the Constitutional and legal status of the Negro Freedmen . Violent controversy erupted over how to tackle those issues, and by the late 1870s Reconstruction had failed to equally integrate the Freedmen into the legal, political, economic and social system. "Reconstruction" is also the common name for the entire history of the era 1865 to 1877. The Freedman’s Bureau— after civel war to take care of freed blacks (15 acres and a mule) Plessy v. Ferguson , 163 U.S. 537 (1896), was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States , upholding the constitutionality of racial segregation even in public accommodations (particularly railroads), under the doctrine of " separate but equal ". The Gospel Of Wealth
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 601 taught by Professor Karsten during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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historymidterm - Black codes-laws passed on the state and...

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