Andean Civilizations - Andean Civilizations 1000-1500:The...

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Andean Civilizations 1000-1500 :The Incas of Peru 1. historical heography a. High mountains b. Dry coastal plaines c. Hot/humis east Andean regions d. Tropical Rain forest/ Amazon basin e. Liamas, Alpacas-animals 2. Pre- Inca Andean Region a. Post Chacin and Mochica b. Regional states i. Chucuito in highlands 1. used terracing agriculture: potaoes ii. Chumu: along the coast 1. used irrigation- Maize 2. highly urbanized 3. Rise of the Inca a. Inca= title of Cusco rulers i. Aslo quechua-speakers; subjects b. Settles lake Titicaca in mid 13 th C c. Expansion by Pachcuti i. S and N highlands; Chimu d. Late 1400’s: Cuito to Santiago e. Pop 11.5 Million 4. Government and Administation a. Imperial state b. Militarized bureaucracy c. Armies: War captives d. Mitima (forced relocation) e. Hostage taking; colonists f. Quipu and record keeping i. Tax, property, labor, census achievments of rulers 5. Economy: Urbanization a. Urbanization: Cusco b. Pop; 300,000+ c. Offices, temples d. Gold plastered palaces e. Residents: high elite; hostages
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f. Walls, paved roads 6. Inca roads 7. Social Structure:Ruling Elite a. Ruling elite: b. Classes: rulers, nobility, preists c. Divine rights kingship- sun god d. Mummification and ancestor worship e. Accessibility to mummified bodies Mummies were still accessible and were broight out during festivals unlike Egypt when they were mummified they were put in the ground forever
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