EMPIRES OF PERSIA - EMPIRES OF PERSIA 1 Classical societies...

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EMPIRES OF PERSIA 1. Classical societies a. . Societies with enduring legacies i. Persia, greeks, Romans b. Features i. Classical empires 1. Center/ periphery a. Roads b. Bureauercracy; military c. agric surpluses; trade; slavery d. cultural and religious traditions 2. Persia 558-651 bce a. Area: Modern Iran b. Conquests in 6 th bce c. Time: 6 th century bce to 7 th century bce 3. Persia: Genesis a. Origin: Medes and Persians b. Pastoralist/ agric c. Warriors, Clannish d. Came under Babylon/ Assyria e. Paid tributes/taxes 4. Empire: reasons for success a. Long term factors: i. Horse riding skills, archers ii. Warrior tradition b. Catalyst: i. Decline of Assyria, Babylon ii. Coincided with able rulers iii. Cyrus and Darius 5. Cyrus the Archaemenid a. Began Imperial policy b. Military strategist c. Laid foundation d. Conquest: 533-539 bce i. Medes, Lydia, Babylon e. Took Egypt 525 bce ON TEST 6. Darius a. Conquests and expansion:
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i. Indus to Aegan- 3000 KM b. Armenia to Egypt c. Expansion; maritime routes
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EMPIRES OF PERSIA - EMPIRES OF PERSIA 1 Classical societies...

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