Literary Essentials 3 - Poetic FormsNotesThe term poetic formindicates the way that a poem is structured by recurrent patterns of rhythms and words. In English poetry there are three main types of structures: STANZAS, which have a recurrent pattern of meter, line length, and rhyme; BLANK VERSE, which has a recurrent pattern of meter and line length but no rhyme (it is frequently iambic pentameter)Within the stars your dreams can be fulfilled,now you can fly the unlimited starlight.FREE VERSE, which lacks both recurrent meter and rhyme but is structured by a variety of rhythmic and rhetorical patterns. METER:a stressed and unstressed syllabic pattern in a line of poetry. Meter is a poetic device that serves as a linguistic soundpattern for the verses, as it gives poetry a rhythmical and melodious sound.PENTAMETER:a line in verse or poetry that has five strong metrical feet. The most commonly used pentameter in English is iambic. TETRAMETER:line of poetic verse that consists of four metrical feet. Iambic tetrameter is, next to iambic pentameter, the most common meter in English poetry.FEET:a measuring unit in poetry, which is made up of stressed and unstressed syllables. The combination of feet creates meter.IAMB: The iambic foot is a two-syllable foot with the stress on the second syllable. The iambic foot is the most common foot in English. Iambic pentameter contains five iambs per line. This an example of iambic pentameter:ᴗ ˏ ᴗ ˏ ᴗ ˏ ᴗ ˏ ᴗ ˏ A book | of ver | ses un | der neath | the bough.TROCHEE:A metrical foot consisting of an accented syllable followed by an unaccented syllable. Examples of trochaic words include “garden” and “highway.” This is an example of trochaic tetrameter:ˏ ᴗ ˏ ᴗ ˏ ᴗ ˏ ᴗPeople |become | whatthey |believe.