Intro to International and GlobalStudies1/16Anthropologyhumans, cultureethnographyEconomicsexchange, scarcityInternational tradeGeographyspaceworld geographyHistorypastglobal historyPolitical sciencepower, stateinternational relationsInternational Studies:InterdisciplinaryGlobal Studies:Transdisciplinary;globality: tight integration of cultures, degrees ofFour Pillars of the FieldGlobalization: globalizers rejectionists, modifiersTransdisciplinary: nomads, insurgentsSpace/time: global production of locality, deterritorializationCritical theory: neoliberalism; scholarly & activism1/18What is Global History? Concepts and ApproachesStands astride humanities and social sciences, entails numerous approaches. Theorizes thehistorical development of globality. Domain of Inquiry: PASTPlays a role in INST as a component of international relations and conflict; memory studies;shapes global worldviews.Historical thinking refers to a process in which we think about or with history in order to makesense of the past, present, and future. “Unnatural”Avoiding presentism; understanding past as pastUnderstanding the significance of historical eventsAppreciating continuity and changeAssessing the complexity of historical causalityArticulation the ethical implications of past eventsHow to ThinkaboutHistory andwithHistory2 main insights from history:1) now has not always been2) we do not live in unprecedented timesThe eternal gender roles?The Wagner Dilemma – can we listen to Wagner now? Antisemitism.The Hitler Analogy – roman empire much better example-“The past does not repeat, but it does instruct” - Timothy Snyder1/25Development of Global History19thcentury: Development of historicism, focus on national histories in Europe and USEarly 20thcentury: Emergence of Western Civilization as a transatlantic conceptPost 1945: Growth of Area Studies, William McNeil’sRise of the West, shift to World History
Post 1990: Appearance of transnational histories and development of Global History as subfieldEarly 1980s Benedict Anderson –Imagined Communities– nations are only nations because we think webelong - nationalismWhat makes Global History distinctive?The 3 C’s of Global History-Cis for Change-Cis for Comparison-Cis for ConnectionDr. Hare’s Extra letters:-Dis for Disruption-Iis for IntegrationMethodical Features of Global history1)Uses alternative notions of space2)Historians go beyond the macro level3)Inherently relational4)Self - Reflective5)Importance of positionalityKey Approaches:Comparative: Reciprocal Comparative MethodTransfer history: Histoire CroiseeTransnational History: transregional/translocalWorld Systems theory: Immanuel WallersteinMultiple Modernities: Alternative Modernity, Sonderweg ThesisPostcolonial Theory: Subaltern Studies, Dependency Theory-The Great Divergence- Kenneth PomeranzGlobalization and Global HistoryHow does Globalization fit into the domain of inquiry of Global History?