Foundations of Sustainability1/14ResilienceSustainable development & ethics1/16No viable path that does not take into account the needs for the futureInstitutions matterAll REAL change is grounded in the new ways of thinking and perspectiveSustainability is contestedSocial constructionBruntland Commission definitionBrown vs. Green agenda“Brown”: problem is equity; developing“Green”: problem is the environment; developedWhy do these differ? Why does it matter?“Improving the quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity ofsupporting ecosystems”Tibetan Gold:Poverty: not leaving enough for regenerationIssues:Sci. res. Not there on benefits. Might be harmful. No gov. reg.Inflated price over time – China’s economyProducers get small % of valueAll attempts @ farming failed. Children & school.Concentration @ end of supply chainGolden worms – access. Tragedy.1/18Matlock’s 3 Axioms of SustainabilityEverything is connectedEverything is changingWe are all in this togetherCommon pool resources: Natural and human constructed resources in which:A) Exclusion of beneficiaries through physical and institutional means is especiallycostly.B) Exploitation by user reduces resource availability for othersPrivate vs. public goodsRival: the extent to which one individual’s consumption of a good leads tosubtractions from any other individual’s consumption of that good.Excludable: the extent to which individuals can be prevented from consumingthat good
Foundations of SustainabilityEarth’s common pool resources:1.Water, fishing grounds, irrigation systems2.Pastures, forests3.Atmosphere4.Biodiversity5.Ecosystem services6.Coal and oil7.Etc.Historical trends:1.Humanity has grown2.Gotten richer3.Transformed the planetThe great acceleration and global population distribution. The greatdivergence.Ecological Footprint: measures the ecological assets that a given poprequires to produce the natural resources it consumes (including plant-basedfood and fiber products, livestock and fish products, timber and other forestproducts, space for urban infrastructure) and to absorb its waste, especiallycarbon emissions.“Malthusian trap”– 1798, Thomas Robert Malthus predicted the short-termgains in living standards would inevitably be undermined as humanExcludableNon-ExcludableRivalrousPrivateGoodsAnythingone canbuy in themarket fortheir ownexclusiveuse (TVs,cars)Common GoodsEqually accessible to all, but subject todepletion or congestion. (fish in the ocean)Non-RivalrousClubGoodsUse isrestrictedto a selectmembership(industryreputation,golfmembership)Public GoodsEqually accessible to all, with unlimitedavailability (peace, moonlight)
Foundations of Sustainabilitypopulation growth outstripped food production. Believed that population canor will outgrow the means to feed itself. The result would be widespreadfamine.