ANTH Notes.docx - ANTH Notes T/Th 2:00 – 3:15 01/16 Section...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 26 pages.

The preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 26 pages.
ANTH Notes T/Th 2:00 – 3:1501/16Section 1 Culture and FieldworkWhat is Culture? -classic definitions-Edward B. Taylor (1832-1917) ethnocentric view and definition-Clifford Geertz (1926-2006) “I take culture to be those webs, and the analysis of it to betherefore not an experimental science in search of law but an interpretive one in searchof meaning.”Culture is…-Learned-Shared-Symbolic-Integrated-DynamicLearned:-Enculturation-Most of your childhood was geared toward becoming enculturated-Can be explicit or implicitShared:-Through small group or large nation-Shared culture makes cultural traits mutually intelligible-Language!Symbolic:-Think American flag or Razorbacks-Social pressures, implied meaningsIntegrated:-Encompasses much of society. Family, relationships, art, rules of acceptable behavior,law, etc.-All these traits and more form a symbiotic relationship-If one aspect of culture is changed, the consequences will ripple out and change otheraspectsFieldwork, Method and Theory-Franz Boas (1858-1942) father of American AnthropologyGerman, PhD in PhysicsDoing research about light passing through water on Baffin Island in CanadaLearned about the daily lives of the Inuit and that their culture and beliefs arespecific to their environmentDeveloped modern,holisticanthropology, and the specific research paradigm ofHistorical ParticularismAnti-racism and anti-ethnocentrism
-Bronislaw MalinowskiPolish born anthropologistDeveloped participant Observation after being stranded on the Trobriand Islandsnear Papua New GuineaDeveloped concepts of emic and etic (insider/outsider)Came from the functionalism school, believing that cultural traits serve specific socialpurposesExtended Fieldwork-Trust-Increase observation/data collection period-Observe changes in the culture over time-Contextual-Experience behaviors, rituals, and events that might be uncommon or sporadicParticipant Observation-Type of data collection involving the extended immersion in a cultureKey Terms:-Ethnography –published account of anthropological research (culture writing)-Fieldwork –the time spent researching in a specific location with a specific group-Participant observation –the key method of anthropology, blending scientific empiricalobservation with everyday experimental practice.-Rapport –trust-Emic (insider) vs. Etic (outsider) Perspectives-Enculturation –the process by which an individual learns to be a full member of theirculture-Marxism and capitalism-Ethics –guiding rules of behavior on appropriateness within a given context-Culture shock –anxiety/disorientation from immersion in a new culture, lacking familiarinterpretive cues-Cultural hegemony –the practice of the cultural elites to spread and naturalizeideologies through mass media and standardized socialized practices-Ethnocentrism –the tendency to believe that one’s own race or ethnic group is centrallyimportant, and that all other ethnic groups are measured in relation to one’s own-Cultural relativism –

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 26 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
Nolan
Tags
Delaney

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture