HIST Notes.docx - HIST T/Th 12:30 – 1:40 01/14 Transoceanic...

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HIST T/Th 12:30 – 1:4001/14Transoceanic Encounters & Global ConnectionsOrigins of European Expansion-Religion, resources, and trade-Trade with Asia (valuable resources)Spices, silk, metals-Trade with AfricaGold, ivory, slaves**most to Islamic world – 1stknown slave rebellion in Iraq-Missionary efforts and ReconquistaFranciscan and Dominican missionaries in AsiaCrusades and Reconquista**Spain and Portugal – catholic crusades against Muslims – Iberian PeninsulaTechnology of Exploration-12thcentury: Chinese rudder introduced-Square sails replaced by triangular lateen sails – works better with cross windsLong process of trial and error post 12thcentury-Navigation instruments (compass)-Knowledge of winds and currentsPortuguese Breakout-Discovery of Azores, Madeira IslandsPlantation system and sugarBeginning of Transatlantic Slave Trade-Prince Henry of Portugal (1394 – 1460)Exploration of W. African coastEstablished fortified trading post-1488: Bartolomeo Dias – Indian Ocean-1497: Vasco de Gama – reached IndiaPermanent link between Portugal and India1500: Calicut trading postChristopher Columbus (1451 – 1506)-Size of the worlds-Spain and Columbus – hired by Ferdinand and Isabella for the Reconquista-Across the Atlantic – the Caribbean and the Taino-3 voyages (Gold, God, Glory)-Wealth of New WorldEuropean competition in 16thcentury
01/16Further Explorations-Vasco de Balboa and the PacificPanama-Ferdinand Magellan and the circumnavigation of the globe (1519 – 1522)-Exploration of the Pacific-Russians, Englishmen, and the Northwest PassageSir Francis Drake (English) and Vitus Bering (Russian)-James Cook and the southern PacificTrade Post Empires-Portuguese lead the way50 by mid-16thcentury-Goal: collect duties, not monopolize trade-Indian Ocean trade and the Arab trade-Dutch-English rivalryCompeting networks in southern AsiaRole of trading companies> Monopolies and private-governments control> Engage in trade, build posts, make warEuropean Conquests in Asia-Spanish conquest of the Philippines 1550s-70sManila – major port cityChinese, Spanish, and native FilipinosMissionary efforts – very successful in Philippines-Dutch Spice Trade – makes Netherlands wealthyIndonesiaDutch East India Company-Russian expansion eastSiberian expansion 16th- 17thcenturyTrading post systemPeasants, Siberians, and rebellionsImperial Conflict-Mercantilism and imperial competition-Seven Years’ War (1756 – 1763)Global conflict of trading empiresNorth American: French and Indian War (1754 – 1763)Test ID Question: Global War, 1stworld war-British VictoryDomination in America and India
The Colombian Exchange-Global biological exchange (humans, livestock, crops, diseases)Globalization – population increase since then-Permanently altered human and environmentally geography-Most devastating aspect: diseasesAmericas and OceaniaFood and People-Human population movementsEuropeans to the new worldAfrican slave tradeOrigins of Global Trade-The Atlantic WorldManufactured and raw goods

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Term
Fall
Professor
Byron

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