FST1130Lecture15AU12students

FST1130Lecture15AU12students - FlavorPairing/RecipeDesign...

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Flavor Pairing/Recipe Design
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Flavor in a Food When you taste or eat, you experience mul<ple sensa<ons: Smell (aroma, bouquet) Taste (sweet, acidity, biEerness) Chemesthesis (drying, warming, burning, prickling) Physical (hot, cold, thick, thin) Sight (color, gloss) Sound (crunchy, crispy) Memory?
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Mul<ple Systems Detect Chemicals Taste Water‐soluble, rela<vely small molecules
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Taste Bud
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Human Tongue Correla<on between circumvallate papillae and biEer tas<ng Bigger diameter circumvallate papillae is linked to lower biEer sensa<on Taste buds and receptors on tongue, cheeks, roof of mouth biEer sour sour salty salty sweet Circumvallate Papillae Folliate Papillae Fungiform Papillae Tongue Map is a Myth
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Taste Receptors Five Basic Flavors Sweet (table sugar) Salty (salt) Sour (lemon juice) BiEer (caffeine/coffee/tea) Umami (soy sauce) Gene<cs and Physical Effects Supertasters
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Umami: The FiRh Taste Umami = savory Taste caused by glutamates (amino acid) in food Meat, dairy, vegetables How we interact with food Basic Tastes Sweet Sour Salty BiEer Umami Spicy Astringent Flavor Taste + Aroma + Viscosity Palatability Texture Temperature Color Sound Shape Acceptability Environment Culture Emo<ons and Mood Adapted from www.umamiinfo.com
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Enhancing Umami Umami taste can be enhanced by combining savory foods Glutamate and inosinate both add to savory taste Glutamate Rich Foods (mg/100g) Inosinate Rich Foods Kelp (Kombu) 3200 Nori Seaweed 1400 Parmigianino Reggiano 1200 Soy sauce 1000 Fish Sauce 950 Oyster sauce 900 Green Tea 668 Tomato 246 Corn 130 Dried bonito flakes 700 Sardines 193 Tuna 188 Beef 110
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Umami‐Rich Foods Soy sauce Sauerkraut Cheese Worches<re sauce Oyster sauce Fish sauce Miso Crab Shrimps Beef/beef stocks Ham Fermented shrimp Anchovy Tofu/soy bean What is the ul<mate umami food high in glutamate and inosinate?
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The Origin of Umami Dashi Water Bonito flakes Kelp MSG – monosodium glutamate “Chinese restaurant syndrome” Numbness, <ngling, chest pains, headache, nausea
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