VIS 22 Final Notes

VIS 22 Final Notes - Fauvism"Wild beast Impressionism so...

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Fauvism ”Wild beast” Impressionism so widely imitated proliferated “virally” (Did not require Academic training) Subsequent movement: “correcting perceived limitations of last movement” Fauvism/Expressionism ‘fixing’ the “perceived superficiality” and insubstantiality Impressionism was only a visual record and not did not address social forces/concerns Fauvists used whatever colors they liked Instead goes ‘deeply’ into the meaning of the visual world more substantial + universally accessible Represents the tensions artists are feeling w/ alienation & disconnection with audience is increasing Salon + Academy broken down in the late 19 th century Via smaller and smaller group of collectors; fewer understand what artist is doing Artists some way to reconnect w/ people at a fundamental level W/ a distinct difference Can’t just do “Bubbles”; art that people can simply understand Audience is so damaged by European society the dulling power of the bourgeoisie Have to go ‘deeper’ and make them more acute and sensitive (beyond just simple understanding) Fauvism (first real 20 th C. movement) Henry Matisse Maurice de Vlaminck Andre Derain Influenced by Impressionism going beyond the mechanical and superficial nature of Impressionism How world looks to soul vs. how it looks to eyes Frees the use of color Matisse, Nude in the Studio (1898) Color taking own role Matisse, Luxembourg Gardens (1901) Figures increasingly deformed; Matisse, Luxe, Calm et Volupte (1904) Building on Post-Impressionism black line (van Gough/Gauguin) Matisse, Madame Matisse, the Green Line (1905) Fully ‘Fauvist’ canvas Matisse, La Lecture (1905) Dry-brushing over undercoat; not piling up and accumulating pigment “Act of painting” freeing-up Matisse, Red Room (1908) Flattening out realm of free color playfulness
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Essence not by verisimilitude; how it feels to a person. Color carries a description consciousness of space as an artist (Red Studio (1911)) Matisse goes to Algiers (ex. of importance of N. Africa) Matisse, The Algerian (1909) Escape from metropolitization of Europe monolithically arrested in development; need to recharge ‘primal’ batteries cultural ‘tourism’ stakes for artist despite violin certain regulations of culture therapeutic function for artist Matisse, On the Terrace (1912-13) Importance of authenticity desire to seek it out counterpoint to society that’s inauthentic Idea of Primitivism Primitivism Variant of desire for authenticity Art divides mass culture Getting in touch w/ ethnicity to be authentic Reach back to a less artificial, more openly sexual, more earthy culture Genre of ‘orientalist’ painting; ‘sexualized’ culture theme of slave market and white women being sold Connotations of primitiveness Consuming and displaying and being cosmopolitan
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VIS 22 Final Notes - Fauvism"Wild beast Impressionism so...

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