Rise_of_Islam - Rise of Islam I Muhammad 570-632 CE A Early life 1 Umayyad clan of the Quraysh tribe Banu Hashim 2 Orphaned 3 Abu Talib paternal uncle a

Rise_of_Islam - Rise of Islam I Muhammad 570-632 CE A Early...

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1Rise of Islam I.Muhammad 570-632 CE A.Early life 1.Umayyad clan of the Quraysh tribe, Banu Hashim 2.Orphaned 3.Abu Talib- paternal uncle a.Merchant b.Muhammad- caravan journeys put him in contact with outside world & monotheism 4.Age 25 a.Married Khadijah b.610 1strevelation c.613 goes public d.Converts-Khadijah & Ali B.Persecution, Flight & Victory 1.Muhammad the Threat 2.Muhammad's Flight to Medina 3.Key Events / Growth of Muhammad’s Followers a.624 Battle of Badr 1.Muslims attack Quraysh caravan 2.Outnumbered they win 3.Emerge self confident with more converts 4.Unites many tribes b.630 Muhammad’s Hajj to Mecca 1.10,000 converts 2.Smash idols 3.Ka’ba – dedicated to Allah II.Uniting Arabs A.From polytheism to monotheism 1.Opportunities a.Distinct indigenous religion b.Supplant clan divisions c.Umma- community of the faithful (transcend tribal boundaries) d.Offered ethical system capable of ending social rifts e.Equality 2.Universalistic Elements
2a.Monotheism, legal codes, egalitarianism, & sense of community b.5 pillars 1.Acceptance of Islam 2.Prayer 5 times a day 3.Fast- during month of Ramadan 4.Zakat– tithe / charity 5.Hajj- pilgrimage to Mecca B.Consolidation and Division in the Islamic Community 1.Death of Muhammad 632 a.Did not establish successor b.632-634 Abu Bakr / Caliph- successor to Muhammad as head of the Islamic community 1.Close friend & early convert 2.Genealogical knowledge / avoid clan conflict 2. Ridda Wars a.After Muhammad’s death tribes broke away b.

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