Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 America Secedes from the Empire Second Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia all colonies represented Congress Drafts George

Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 America Secedes from the Empire...

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Chapter 8: America Secedes from the Empire- May 10, 1775 – Second Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia – all colonies representedCongress Drafts George WashingtonWashington chosen by Congress to head armies – he was a strong leader, a symbol, and person to rally behindBunker Hill and Hessian MercenariesSome colonists still were loyal to the king, while others weren’t 1775 – Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold capture Fort Ticonderoga and Crown Point1775 – Battle of Bunker (Breed’s) Hill – British soldiers are victorious but take heavy losses1775 – Olive Branch Petitions – Congress asks king for no more violence, but by then George III has set his mind on crushing the colonies George III declares colonies are in rebellion hires German Hessians to crush rebellionConquest of Canada1775 – General Montgomery and Benedict Arnold capture Montreal, but are beaten in Quebec1775 – British burn Falmouth (Portland) Maine 1776 – British burn NorfolkThomas Paine Preaches Common SenseNot all the colonists were quick to accept open rebellion against Britain1776 – Thomas Paine publishes “Common Sense” oPoses question: “Why should America be ruled be a country across the Atlantic?” oCalls for independence and the creation of a republic not a monarchyo

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