Chap010 - Chapter 10 - Ecology and Sustainable Development...

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Chapter 10 - Ecology and Sustainable Development in Global Business Chapter 10 Ecology and Sustainable Development in Global Business True / False Questions 1. Ecology is the study of how living things - plants and animals - interact with one another in an ecosystem. True False 2. A commons is a shared resource, such as land, air or water that a group of people uses collectively. True False 3. The paradox of the commons is that if all individuals attempt to maximize their own private advantage in the short term, the commons will still remain productive in the long run. True False 4. Sustainable development is an appealing idea but also a very controversial one. True False 5. Land, even when properly cared for, is not a renewable resource. True False 6. Human society used 60 times as much energy in the late 20 th century as it did in 1860, when industrialization was in its early stages. True False 7. About 20 percent of the world's people have incomes below the international poverty line. True False 10-1
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Chapter 10 - Ecology and Sustainable Development in Global Business 8. The world's income is distributed equally among nations. True False 9. The world's natural resource base - the air, water, soil, minerals, and so forth -- is essentially finite, or bounded. True False 10. In 2000, a group of nations negotiated the Montreal Protocol, agreeing to increase CFC production and use by 50 percent by 2020. True False 11. Deforestation - cutting down and not replacing trees - contributes to global warming. True False 12. Biodiversity refers to the number and variety of species that have become extinct. True False 13. Rain forest destruction is controversial because these environments are more valuable cut down than standing. True False 14. Life-cycle analysis involves collecting information on the lifelong environmental impact of a product, all the way from extraction of raw material, to manufacturing, to its distribution, use and ultimate disposal. True False 10-2
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15. Sustainable development will require technology cooperation through long-term partnerships between companies in developed and developing countries to transfer environmental technologies. True False Multiple Choice Questions 16. In which year was the first World Summit on Sustainable Development held? A. 1982. B. 1985. C. 1990. D. 1992. 17. The study of how living things interact with one another in a unified natural system is called: A. Anthropology. B. Zoology. C. Ecology. D. Socio-biology. 18. Depletion of the ozone layer, destruction of the rain forests, and species extinctions all have an impact on: A. All of society. B. A particular region.
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