Observation

Observation - We all have biases although we are usually...

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The Action Observation-Reflection Model Leadership development is enhanced when the experience involves three different processes Action Observation Reflection In every case it is the majority that decides what is right and wrong If the leader does not do what the people want they will not be the leader for much longer Act and Observation Refection Model Do something, observe reaction, reflect on consequences and then make the decisions that will enhance the probability of success Observation and Perception An observation is what is there A perception is what we want to see is there Reflection – deals with how we interpret our observations Perception is inherently an interpretive or a meaning-making activity Self-serving bias is the tendency to make external attributions for ones own failures, yet make internal attributions for ones successes Stereotypes distort ones observational abilities
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Unformatted text preview: We all have biases although we are usually unaware Single-loop Learners seek relatively little feedback that may significantly confront their fundamental ideas or actions Evaluation & Feedback Governing variables: dimensions that managers are trying to keep within acceptable limits. Any action is likely to impact a number of such variables thus any situation can trigger a trade-off among governing variables Action Strategies: The plans used by managers to keep their governing variables within the acceptable range Consequences: What happens as a result of an action. These can be both intended those the actor believes will result and unintended. IN addition, those consequences can be for the self, and/or for others. Governing Variable Action Strategy Consequences...
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